John Stuart Mill On Liberty Analysis

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The short essay On Liberty was written by an English philosopher by the name of John Stuart Mill (1806-1873). In this essay Mill basically talk about the system of utilitarianism to society and the state. Mill attempts to establish standards for the relationship between authority and liberty. He emphasizes the importance of individuality which he conceived as a prerequisite to the higher pleasures the “summum bonum” of Utilitarianism. Furthermore, Mill criticized the errors of past attempts to defend individuality where democratic ideals resulted in the "tyranny of the majority". Mill explains his concept of individual freedom of his ideas on history and on the state. On Liberty relies on the idea that society progresses from lower to higher stages and that this …show more content…

This evolution has brought on a new problem known as the tyranny of the majority, which the democratic majority forces its will on the minority. According to Wikipedia the phrase tyranny of the majority is” used when in discussing systems of democracy and majority rule involves the scenario in which decisions made by a majority place its interests above those of an individual or minority group, constituting active oppression comparable to that of a tyrant or despot. In many cases a disliked ethnic, religious or racial group is deliberately penalized by the majority element acting through the democratic process”. The democratic majority can exercise a tyrannical power even outside the political realm, when the people state their opinions it causes rebellions. John Stuart Mill emphasizes the importance of individuality. The aim was to limit the amount of power the ruler should have to exercise over the community and this limitation was what John Stuart Mill meant by

In this essay, the author

  • Analyzes john stuart mill's essay on liberty, which focuses on the system of utilitarianism to society and the state.
  • Explains that mill's essay on liberty warns against the "tyranny of majority", which is about the freedom of the people and the right to have a say.
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