According to Victor Lindsey, the child in the story is a white elephant in the view of the man, who is trying to convince the girl to get rid of it. Hemingway hints about how the man and the woman each feel about the unborn child, but he never tells us why they have such different views on the prospect of an abortion. The man in the story, referred to as "the American," claims that the abortion is necessary because it would save their relationship, whereas the woman, Jig, has doubts as to whether or not she should have an abortion at all. Hemingway uses a unique style of writing to communicate his ideas to the reader. Like most of his works, Hemmingway uses very simple language to build suspense, but he does not explicitly resolve the conflict.
Carlos Baker. New York: Scribner,1981. Print. Hemingway, Ernest. The Short Stories: The First Forty-Nine (1921-1938).
New York: McGraw – Hill Book Company, 1971. Parry, Melanie. "Hemingway, Ernest Miller". Chambers Biographical Dictionary, 865. New York: Chambers Harrap Publishers, 1997.
142. Geismar, Maxwell. “Ernest Hemingway: At the Crossroads.” American Moderns: From Rebellion to Conformity. (1958): 54-8. Rpt.
"Moving to the girl's side of 'Hills Like White Elephants.'." The Hemingway Review. 15.1 (Fall 1995): p27. Literature Resource Center. Gale.