John Ronald Reuel was born on the third of January, 1892, at Bloemfontein, South Africa, where his father, Arthur, had taken a position with the Bank of Africa. In 1895 Tolkien’s mother, Mabel Suffield, moved back to England with her children, because Tolkien‘s health was affected by the climate. Arthur Tolkien hoped to return to England soon, but he contracted rheumatic fever the following autumn and died early in 1896. After a few months of living with her parents, Mabel Tolkien rented a cottage on the edge of Birmingham, and from then until her death in 1904, she and here two sons lived in rented houses on the edges of the city. After her death, Mabel Tolkien’s parish priest, Father Francis Morgan, took responsibility for the upbringing and education of her sons.
His brother, Hilary Arthur Reuel Tolkien, was born two years later (Willett 13). Ronald, as his family called him, was sickened by the hot, dry climate of Africa (Willett 13). The family sailed back to England in April of 1895; Arthur stayed behind to work (Willett 14). Arthur, however, died of Rheumatic fever on February 15, 1896 (Willett 15). Mabel, left without an income, moved the family into a cottage in the countryside village of Sarehole.
Tolkien’s mother, Mabel, moved him and his brother named Hilary to Birmingham, England when Tolkien was four years old. His father died in Africa shortly after the move (“Tolkien, J.R.R.” 831). Mabel gave her sons books to read and taught them how to draw and paint. She also taught the boys languages such as Latin, French, and German. This started Tolkien’s love of language (Hodges 20).
Tolkien had one sibling, his younger brother, Hilary Tolkien, born on February 17, 1894. When he was three years old, the boys and their mother took a lengthy trip to England while his father was on a hunting trip in South Africa. But his father died of rheumatic fever before he could join them. He left Mabel a widow and John and Hilary orphaned. After their father’s death, they moved in with Mabel’s family members in England.
It was when Tolkien was twelve, his mother died of diabetes. He and his brother were left to the care of Father Francis Morgan, with whom he lived for many years. Tolkien met Edith Bratt, his future wife, in 1908 when he was sixteen. He began to spend all of his time with her, igoring his studies, until at last Father Francis forbade them to see one another. Tolkien began his first term at Oxford University in 1911.
They traveled from home to home for 6 years until Tolkien gained entrance to Exeter College, Oxford. He worked there as Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon and later married his longtime sweetheart Edith Bratt. Tolkien joined the military during World War I, fell very ill with trench fever and recovered back in England where he wrote his most popular works. He later became a professor at Oxford in 1945 and retired after 14 years. His wife died two years before he passed in Bournemouth, England in 1973 at 81 years old.
J.J.R Tolkien was born in Bloemfontein, South Africa on January 3, 1892.He moved around many places as he was growing up from South Africa to Wales and also Birmingham. He grew up on the pleasant side of poverty and had to keep himself occupied throughout much of his childhood. By the age of 8 he had mastered the languages of Greek and Latin and he taught it to himself! He soon became bored as many great writers of the era did and made up to eight of his own languages, which he destroyed after much self debating on the topic of trying to extend the languages. “After many years of growing he started to attend Oxford University and was a “classical exhibitioner in residence” 3.Rollyson, Carl E. Notable British Novelists.
Her parents, Guy and Nellie Pillsbury, had become incapacitated with old age, and Ruth King was persuaded by her sisters to take over the physical care of the elderly couple. Other family members provided a small house in Durham and financial support. After Stephen's grandparents passed away, Mrs. King found work in the kitchens of Pineland, a nearby residential facility for the mentally challenged. Stephen attended the grammar school in Durham and then Lisbon Falls High School, graduating in 1966. From his sophomore year at the University of Maine at Orono, he wrote a weekly column for the school newspaper, THE MAINE CAMPUS.
Other books he has written have been Why I Write, Road to Wigan Pier, Down and Out(which was almost destroyed), Burmese Days, The Clergyman's Daughter, Homage to Catalonia, and Coming up for Air. In 1944 George Orwell and his then wife, Elieen O 'Shaughnessy, adopted a child. A year after hi wife died during an operation. In 1946, the same year he wrote 1984 and was also very ill, he married Sonia Bronwell. He says 1984 was so gloomy because of his illness.
J.R.R. Tolkien's Lord of the Rings "Three Rings for the Eleven-kings under the sky, Seven for the Dwarf-lords in their halls of stone, Nine for Mortal Men doomed to die, One for the Dark Lord on his Dark throne, In the Land of Mordor where the Shadows lie. One Ring to rule them all, One ring to find them, One ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them, In the Land of Mordor where the Shadows lie(Tolkien)." Master of storytelling J.R.R. Tolkien continues the lives of the fictitious creatures that he introduced in The Hobbit, in his modern classic The Fellowship of the Ring.