Taking antibiotics when not needed may make users feel worse. Many side effects such as diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, thrush, allergic reactions to the drugs, and even life-threatening bowel inflammations can occur when using antibiotics (NPS Medicinewise, 2012, para. 2-4). When treating a severe infection or illness, these side effects are trivial compared to the cost-benefit ratio the antibiotics provide; however, when people misuse antibiotics by taking them for viral infections, they are putting themselves at risk for increased discomfort and potentially life-threatening side effects. Antibiotics also kill the healthy bacteria in your body.
First, antibiotics can lose their effects, because the population is exposed it in different ways; for example, plants and animals that are treated with antibiotics that are similar to those used for human. Some antibiotics that are used in the wrong moments generate the biggest problem: bacterium resistance. The bacterium will survive, and the treatment will not be effective, causing the antibiotic useless for some treatments. Second, many drugs will have side effects, and when a person constantly uses, it not only will cause acute effects, but also will cause chronic effects that can be fatal. Chronic effects are severe, because they can affect the liver and kidney that are responsible for cleansing the human organism, excreting useless or toxic metabolites.
Public Health Problem The health problem is that M.R.S.A., an antibiotic resistant bacterium, has become an epidemic in hospitals worldwide (WebMD, 2012). This is because it is a location that many people come to that has become ill or some part of their health is faltering. This means that this place is overcome with many people who have weakened immune systems and even some with some type of infection (MNT, 2013). This makes the perfect circumstance for a disease to overwhelm and infect the area, thus M.R.S.A. can spread rapidly without much interference.
The hygienic conditions have also been improved so as to ensure least growth of microbes, germs, parasites and bacteria. Antibiotics have been invented to address diseases and infections caused by bacteria and viruses. With all these substantial efforts the biologists, physicians and scientists have triggered another epidemic which is even more severe. They have killed those microbes and bacterial species which were human friendly and as a result of either their disruption or mutation, pathogenic bacteria have even become more active and resistant to treatments. This has led to increased ineffectiveness of antibiotic drugs, low immunity and various infections and inflammatory diseases.
Antibiotic resistance occurs when microorganisms become immune to specific drugs that are prescribed by doctors to kill other microorganisms. Usually, bacteria can be eradicated because they are single celled organisms but when drugs become defiant, they do not function properly. When antibiotics are taken, they enter the bloodstream and interfere with all microbes in the body while also altering body functions (Bren FDA, 2003). Sometimes antibiotics may not necessarily target its “wanted” target but instead, they attack both harmful and benign bacteria. When the bacteria that are sus... ... middle of paper ... ...inistration.
According to World Health Organization (2013) resistance is a global concern for several reasons; it impedes the control of infectious diseases, increases healthcare costs, and the death rate for patients with resistant bacterial infections is twice of those with non-resistant bacterial infections. How Antibiotics Work Bacteria can be prevented from growing and/or living with the use of antibiotics. Antibiotics combat bacteria several ways by preventing the cell wall from developing properly, protein synthesis hindrance, interferes with deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) production by impeding cell division, interfering with outer-membrane and plasma function, killing the cell (Aziz, 2013). Strains These bacteria can be classified by “gr... ... middle of paper ... ...cut down on the use of antibiotics. Establishing auditing tools and policies to help focus on inappropriate usage of antibiotics.
3. (2006). Antibiotic resistant bacteria | Better Health Channel. Retrieved March 30, 2014, from http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Antibiotic_resistant_bacteria. 4.
Instead, these infections are caused by viruses which, unlike bacteria, are unaffected by antibiotics. Incorrect diagnosis can also lead patients to using unnecessary antibiotics, which can sometimes be even more dangerous than otherwise left untreated. Besides the fact that antibiotics kill off beneficial bacteria in the intestines, misuse of antibiotics provides an opportunity ... ... middle of paper ... ... antibiotic resistance has quickly become an increasing concern in recent times due to the growing use of antibiotics. To combat this problem, we propose that healthy intestinal floras be maintained after antibiotic resistance using fecal bacteriotherapy, and that processes of lateral gene transfer be disrupted before antibiotic resistance through the use of copper surfaces and after antibiotic resistance through synthesized CSPs. Continuing research in these solutions as well as implementing these strategies into mainstream medicine will certainly reduce the frequency of antibiotic resistance along with incidences of serious disease outbreaks in hospitals.
Superbugs are created from antibiotic resistance when the bacteria that is being used to treat the problem becomes resisted to it causing another problem in itself. Antibiotics have become a major role in curing diseases in both humans and animals in this generation of medicine. Since the 1940s the invention of antibiotics One of the major problems that causing antibiotic resistance is misusing the medication and overuse of these antibiotics can cause harm to the body. Frequent use of household antibiotics such as hand sanitizer and antibiotic soap can also cause the creation of superbugs. Another very harmful way to use antibiotics is to use non prescribed antibiotics to heal something for a completely different problem.
Over-Prescription of Antibiotics In 1928, Alexander Fleming discovered antibiotics which were used for elimination of infection caused by bacteria. The penicillin antibiotics quickly become widely overused and through misuse, many types of bacteria have become resistant to the drug. When large amounts of bacteria become resistant to antibiotics due to overuse, the expense and difficulty of treating a patient will be much higher and take more time. If the over-prescription and overuse of antibiotics is not controlled very soon, “the future will resemble the pre-antibiotic era,” meaning the use of antibiotics will be nonexistent due to them being ineffective. The over-prescription of antibiotics needs to come to a stop before bacteria no longer respond to the antibiotics in use today.