It's important as it offers quantitative information of financial dynamics to various stakeholders which will be found in making a monetary decision. These stakeholders include traders, management, administration, suppliers, financiers, regulators etc. Business accounting assists in making lots of short-term and permanent business decisions which helps an organization to increase as well as penetrate the market. The principal function of accounting is to make details of all trades that the organization enters into. Realizing what qualifies as a business deal and making an archive of the same is named bookkeeping.
QUESTION 1 Financial Accounting is an accounting system that tries to meet the needs of the various user groups especially for external users. It’s overall purpose is to construct financial reports that provide information about a firm's performance to external parties such as investors, creditors, and tax authorities. Types of financial reports used are Statement of Financial Position, Statement of income and Statement of cash flow. Users of the information are stockholders, government, investors and tax authorities. Management Accounting is an accounting system is used for internal decision making.
Accounting information systems can also help us understand what types of inventory we should use. As we discussed basic structures of assets, liabilities, and stock holder’s equity. We will also discussed four basic financial statements and effects of Revenues, expenses and dividends. Finally also discussed difference between net income and cash flow. We learned why business owner should have accounting information systems and what impact it could have on his business.
They are:- Income Statement Balance Sheet & Cash Flow Statement Purpose of financial statements "The objective of financial statements is to provide information about the financial position, performance and changes in financial position of an enterprise that is useful to a wide range of users in making economic decisions. "[Financial statements should be understandable, relevant, reliable and comparable. Reported assets, liabilities and equity are directly related to an organization's financial position. Reported income and expenses are directly related to an organization's financial performance. Financial statements are intended to be understandable by readers who have "a reasonable knowledge of business and economic activities and accounting and who are willing to study the information diligently."
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this document is to describe the nature, purpose and scope of accounting and it deliberately explains the details of each category in accounting. Accounting involves in preparing financial documents of an entity by analyzing, verifying, and reporting this records. It emphasizes its major characteristic role in field of banking and finance, with a mixture of supportive sub topics. Purpose and Scope Main view of this report is to explain how the accounting plays a major role in banking, finance and other sectors of business. To decide this, the following questions are explained as follows: • What is accounting?
Accounting is the compilation of financial information for use in making economic decisions. BOOKKEEPING provides the basic accounting data, by systematically recording such day-to-day financial information as revenue from the sale of products or services; expenses of business operations such as the cost of merchandise sold; and overhead expenses such as rent, wages, and so forth. Accounting principles determine which financial events and transactions should be recorded in the bookkeeper's ledgers, journals, and computer printouts. The analysis and interpretation of these records is the primary function of accounting. The various financial statements produced by accountants then furnish business and other types of organizations with the basis for their financial planning and control, and provide other interested parties (investors, the government) with information they can use to make decisions about these organizations.
The information provided in the financial statements under the financial accounting system is used by auditors to analyze the businesses financial position. Maintaining an accounting standard for report for external users is al... ... middle of paper ... ...nancial information and how to analyze the information reported. While each type of accounting is necessary, they are aimed at different audiences and have various standards that are necessary to adequately evaluate the financial position of the company. Financial accounting is primarily the function of putting financial statements together in accordance to GAAP so that the information can be viewed and analyzed for external users, including auditors and shareholders. Managerial accounting is the process of compiling financial statements that will aid the management team in making decisions for the organization.
Cash flow statements can help analyse by showing the causes and uses of cash throughout the year. It can also help when cash requirements are needed. Income statement as a business performance indicator is true. Through the analysis of financial data that is going on throughout the business period. Then all the expenses and rewards obtained can be retrieved through the published data.
Auditing plays a major role in public accounting; they examine the reliability of financial statements of entities and express an educated opinion. Taxation is another essential part of public accounting. Tax specialists are responsible for the planning and preparation of tax returns as well as to adhere to the guidelines and regulations of the IRS in representation of their clients. Private accounting on the other hand consist of working within an organization in various areas of its accounting department such as general accounting focusing on recording daily transactions and preparing financial statements; cost accounting ... ... middle of paper ... ...no more then 15 minutes, and recorded and/or written report gathered in the meeting should be added value” (interviewing technique for, 2010). Reference Interviewing technique for investigations and audits.
This data is very helpful and if maintained correctly, the data can show the total amount owed at any given time. As discussed earlier, balance sheets also provide thorough data about assets, liabilities, and the shareholder’s equity of a business. Next, we have the cash flow statement. The cash flow statement details where, how and on what the business spends its money. The cash flow st... ... middle of paper ... ...elling shares, and help managers in determining whether a company should stay open based on it’s profits and losses.