preview

If A Tree Falls in the Philosophical Forest, Someone Managed to Undermine Descartes Ambitions for Epistemology

analytical Essay
2267 words
2267 words
bookmark

To truly think about knowledge brings about some interesting thought. When asked to think about knowledge, most individuals concern themselves solely with what they know such as certain subjects, theories or facts. In the grand scheme of things, this way of thought is seemingly only minute or even superficial. As human beings, we do not always considered how we come to know what we know. We often place are acquisition of knowledge lower in a taxonomy of importance. All too often, individuals take knowledge and its power for granted. However, individuals like René Descartes and his work, The Meditations, provide a deep exploration of knowledge and all its facets. For every individual or scholar this work is very important in that it causes the reader to consider what we assume as truth and to envision a foundation for knowledge that is indubitable. The aim of this paper is to consider the role of knowledge in epistemology, to expose the concept of an indubitable foundation for all knowledge and the overall influence of Descartes on the imminent enquiries.

First of all, I demonstrate that epistemology is the study of all that encompasses knowledge. Furthermore, I support the traditional epistemological concept of justified true belief by arguing that this model is largely relied on in the expectations of current empirical data.

Second, I examine Descartes intentions, method and product, The Meditations. Following this review, I assert that it is impossible to find a true foundation for knowledge due to the unknown origin of human creation, the element of subjectivity and solipsism and the limitations of knowledge being indubitable. Furthermore, I critically assess that the Cartesian circle and Descartes presumption of God in h...

... middle of paper ...

...rably thoughtful but is not without flaw and criticism. As stated, his goal and ambition is admirable in that he sought to support what his previous achievements, and those of many others, where fatefully resting upon. Whether scholars, students or just the individual interested in philosophy may agree or disagree with Descartes meditations, one thing I argue is truly beneficial about Descartes work is that doubt can be very valuable to our every day lives. All to often individuals take such facets of news, gossip, literature and theory all too seriously and fail to see the implications of implying indubitable confidence in what we accept as individuals.

References

Descartes, R. (2003). Meditations and Other Metaphysical Writings. Toronto, ON: Penguin

Classics. (Original work published 1641).

Lightbody, B. (2011). Philosophy 1F91 Lectures. Brock University.

In this essay, the author

  • Analyzes how rené descartes and his work, the meditations, provide a deep exploration of knowledge and all its facets.
  • Argues that epistemology is the study of all that encompasses knowledge. they also support the tradition of justified true belief by arguing that this model is largely relied on in the expectations of empirical data.
  • Analyzes descartes intentions, method, and product, the meditations. they assert that it is impossible to find a true foundation for knowledge due to the unknown origin of human creation, the element of subjectivity and solipsism.
  • Explains that epistemology studies every aspect that encompasses knowledge. belief forms a foundation in light of one's subjective and personal basis of behaviour and understanding.
  • Opines that many aspects of knowledge are considered in the interest of epistemology, such as simply defining knowledge. however, how one comes to possess knowledge is also important.
  • Analyzes how rené descartes demonstrates an epistemological endeavor in such that he seeks to confirm indubitable and fundamental principles that would further support claims of knowledge.
  • Analyzes how descartes employs meditations to accomplish his epistemological intentions. he establishes indubitable knowledge by deducting from scientific laws and mathematical theorems, to find the principles that make them viable.
  • Analyzes how descartes sets out his epistemological quest with a skeptic method of doubting, which he claims is free of presumptions. he then moves on to meditations that support human existence, the mind, god and the physical world.
  • Explains that doubt is central to descartes process in establishing the foundation for all knowledge, a foundation that he derives as indubitable.
  • Analyzes how descartes addresses the madman hypothesis. he raises the question of madness and knowing whether or not he is like those who are considered impaired by insanity.
  • Explains that the dream doubt proves vital in establishing truth in later meditations for descartes. he points out the difficulty of determining the difference between being awake and dreaming.
  • Analyzes how descartes uses the deceiving god hypothesis to reveal the vulnerability of mathematical truths and the understanding of human faculties. he follows up this arguable assumption by proposing the defective origin hypo
  • Analyzes how descartes reminds himself of these doubts by proposing that there is a powerful evil mind that intends to deceive him all the time.
  • Analyzes how descartes establishes the cogitio, which is the infamous understanding of "i think therefore i am".
  • Opines that a true foundation for knowledge is admirable and ambitious, but the debate of creationism versus evolution will continue to convolute the search for an indubitable foundation.
  • Opines that descartes' meditations were not without criticism. the idea that there is an indubitable foundation for all knowledge is what scholars will support or debate.
  • Analyzes how descartes defines rationality in terms of its opposite, irrationality, which limits thinking to either one or the other, leaving no room for degrees of truthfulness.
  • Analyzes how descartes' presumption of god is a burden to his work as he has to justify and combat the separate entity of those who do not believe in god.
  • Concludes that descartes' work is thoughtful but not without flaws and criticism. his goal and ambition is admirable in that he sought to support what his previous achievements, and those of many others, were fatefully rest upon.
Get Access