Human Colonization of Mars

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Technological advancements have made it conceivable for NASA to begin human missions to Mars by 2030 (“NASA’s Bolden”). The scientific community is working diligently on ways to reduce the cost of colonizing Mars, but undoubtedly it will cost billions of dollars to establish and maintain a permanent colony on the planet. Although opponents of space colonization believe it’s a waste of money to invest in Mars, Mars colonization has the potential to alleviate the overpopulated Earth's declining resources of water, fossil fuels, food and jobs.
The demand on earth for its resources at this current level is one that will be impossible to maintain in the future. Global warming is clear evidence that the current global population and industrialization has put the sustainability of Earth in doubt. The UN predicts the world’s population will reach 9.6 billion by 2050 (“Challenges”). The urgency to establish a habitable colony on Mars was made clear by NASA chief Charles Bolden. "If this species is to survive indefinitely, we need to become a multi-planet species; we need to go to Mars, and Mars is a stepping stone to other solar systems” (Smith).
Mars rovers have made many monumental discoveries while canvassing and sampling the red planet’s surface which has lead scientists to believe Mars is a good candidate for terraforming. Terraforming is a word used to describe the process of engineering a planet into an environment that supports human, animal and plant life similar to here on Earth (Kunzig).
The ability to feasibly terraform and colonize Mars is dependent on the accessibility to an abundance of water. While images of Mars give the appearance that it’s a barren dessert wasteland, water lies just beneath the surface. Mars possesses v...

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