True victory would have been a sustaining South Vietnam so that it could protect itself from continued Communist invasion. Even with the intervention of the United States, the inherent weaknesses of the Saigon regime enabled North Viet... ... middle of paper ... ...emes: The US upon entering the Vietnam War clearly did not observe the guidance of Clausewitz; "first, the supreme, the most far-reaching act of judgment that the statesman and commander have to make is to establish . . . the kind of war on which they are embarking; neither mistaking it for, nor trying to turn it into, something that is alien to its true nature.
Secondly, the problems of uneven distribution of power and the international system lacking a sovereign authority contributing to make and enforce binding agreements make nations do what they want and like to do causing the difficulties in trusting and cooperate with each other. And, I think that the main goal of a country is power maximization and security, so these power seeking state under the framework of no existing binding power are much more willing to take international relations as a battle for survival. Not surprisingly, all nations will try their best to protect themselves first by seeking power and control. Even though many international level organizations have been created to balance this world, the organization itself doesn’t work well to promote the cooperation. Take United Nation as an example.
Our nation needs to be vigilant and work hard for democracy; otherwise it may slip through our fingers if we do not grip tightly. Our military has a unique relationship with our government. This relationship helps us avoid the takeover from a militant dictator. However, by blurring the line between civilian and military we defeat the safety our founding fathers placed within our government. The military exists to protect the government, not run the government.
For a state to achieve its goals, the realists argue that it uses both military and economic power to manipulate International Relations in the current climate. Realist belief is that the state is the only dominant power that can influence the military to such an extent. It cannot only impose order internally, but also be used to do so inside rogue and failing states. The use of the military to achieve its goals raises the fear of another nation that, inadvertently, brings war ever closer through the distrust and paranoia of other nations. As security is the dominant goal, the state will have military forces.
Whether it is dealing with refugees or illegal immigrant or even dealing with nations that won’t cooperate, the president will still get criticized for what he does. The United States will always have haters no matter what. Foreign policy is not easy to deal with as not everyone will be happy about the decisions that the upcoming president makes. Whether the United States create more conflicts or solves problems, they have to pursue self-interests for security reasons at the cost of making other countries angry at them. Moreover, the United States must preserve democracy which is the soul of this country.
It is true that they are often shortsighted; but what they conceive to be their interest is what they force the government to do. That this interest is not often that of the whole country is another matter, --and something that the late Norman Angill, in "The Great Illusion", failed to understand. . If it be true, then, that dominating groups control foreign policy and make wars to maintain their dominance, what chance is there that these groups can be persuaded to avoid war by giving up their control? The answer is, practically none.
Thanks to this movie, we can understand that all these aspects or lessons are related with the war in terms of realism in the international system. He generally emphasizes on the decision-making mechanism and rationality. According to Mr. McNamara, the main idea is the fog of war. For him, War is too complicated to understand because of the variables that go beyond human intelligence which possesses ability of deciding. Our understanding will never be good enough to see why we kill people unnecessarily.
The system the UN currently has offers some perspective on the idea of conducting and participating in war. But... ... middle of paper ... ...t do not have a utilitarian view and rather seek out the realism approach, then you have no regards for rules of war because you are the global power and can get away with it. In short, the only way the world is going to conduct war, is the way it is now. It will take a larger and more sustainable international effort to make universal guidelines for war. Sure, the Geneva Conventions established protocol for war, but those rules and ideas are only acknowledged by the countries that not just ratified it, but also follow it.
This school of thought focuses on ways in which power affects the international arena by assessing how states influence each other as the most important actors in world politics. Realpolitik pays attention to political power matters such as military preparedness and industrial capacities, ignoring issues of morality, ideology and other social aspects as reasons for actions of states. In this way, realism sets up a strong framework for understanding short-term, interstate relationships, yet leaves the comprehension of deeper, long-term issues weak in the background. Power politics maintains that human nature is generally selfish. This belief comes from their understanding of the trends in international relations.
The Government has the power to send men against their will to fight in a war that they probably do not even understand. Men with good intentions are under the control of people with selfish intentions. Thoreau states that it isn’t the American Government that has led to all the success of the nation, but the American people. It is better to respect what your conscious deems as morally right as what the law permits as a right. Thoreau protests the manipulation of the Government by corrupt individuals, and believes that in order to be a true countrymen you must be willing to stand against the rampant corruption and abuse that is your Government.