President Monroe continued Knox’s plan by developing ways to rid of the Indians, claiming it would be beneficial to all. Andrew Jackson ultimately fulfilled the plan. First of all, the map [Document A] indicates the relationship between time, land, and policies, which affected the Indians. The Indian Tribes have been forced to give up their land as early as the 1720s. Between the years of 1721 and 1785, the Colonial and Confederation treaties forced the Indians to give up huge portions of their land.
This treaty defined the Cherokees’ boundaries and it gave them the right to get rid of unwanted settlers. The states of Georgia and North Carolina ignored this treaty. The people of these states expanded into Cherokee land, and the Cherokees continued to resist. The Americans needed to come up with another system. Henry Knox was gave the task to come up wit... ... middle of paper ... ...(Perdue 20).
The U.S. Government used treaties to remove Native Americans from their tribal lands. If the treaties failed, the government sometimes would violate both treaties and Supreme Court rulings to facilitate the spread of European Americans westward across the continent. When the 19th century began, the citizens of America started to move into the backcountry in the coastal South and began moving toward and into what would later become the states of Alabama and Mississippi. Since Native American tribes living there appeared to be the main obstacle to westward expansion. The President then forced upon the Native Americans treaty whereby they surrendered to the United States over twenty-million acres of their traditional land—about one-half of present day Alabama and one-fifth of Georgia.
Before the Europeans came across the Atlantic Ocean, the Native Americans were the first true inhabitants of North America. When the Europeans came, they wanted the land that the Native Americans already had settled. To get this land there were many gun battles and removal of the Indians. If any of the Indians survived they were moved out west. Over the years there have been many different Federal Policies that have been put in place to help preserve the Native American culture.
Most Americans didn't even keep their promises. For example, in the Treaty of Fort Stanwiz of 1784 and the Treat... ... middle of paper ... ...on where no racial sexual mixing was allowed. Despite this obvious peaceful co-existence, the states of Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi stood up to the federal government and voted to invalidate the treaties with the Indians. Under President Jackson, who supported the removal of the Indians, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, which would transfer Indians to reservations, by agreement or by force they. When the Cherokees were supported when they took the issue to the Supreme Court.
The Seminole "As the United States is a nation made up of people from many nations, so the Seminole is a tribe made up of Indians from many tribes." (Garbarino 13) The Seminole are the indigenous people living in southeastern America. They lived in what is now Georgia, Alabama, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Mississippi. The Seminole had a Muskogean language of the Hokan-Siouan stock. (Bookshelf) The Indian tribes found in the southeast were the Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cherokee, Yuchi, Yamassee, Apalachicola, Timucua, and Calusa.
At the beginning of the eighteenth century Native Americans from various groups went into Spanish Florida, establishing a new identity as Seminoles (Littlefield 7). The Seminoles broke off from the Creek tribe. The word Seminole means, "one who has camped out from the regular towns," or "runaway" (Markowitz 213)." Black slaves also fled to the open territory of Florida. The Seminoles who owned slaves did not do so in the traditional plantation style of bondage.
This was the time of voluntary Indian migration but only a small group of people moved from Creeks, Cherokee and Choctaw tribes. Andrew Jackson ordered “Indian removal Act” from which all the misery of the Indian tribe started. In order to survive, coexist and resist the five tribes also adopted western civilization of farming, keeping slaves and edu... ... middle of paper ... ...be maintained between free and slave states. Than Kansas- Nebraska act added more tension as new territories were to be added and whether the new states would be free or slave. But violence occurred resulting in Bleeding Kansas that became causes for the Civil war.
After that, congress passed the Indian Removal Act in 1830 and the other Indians tribes went, but the Cherokee planned to stay and fight back politically and legally. When John Ross became t... ... middle of paper ... ... leaders to representative a government. With all these some of the Cherokee were force to move to Oklahoma, and they were not the only group to encounter the hardship. Finally, the Seminole in Florida wanted the government to pay them before they moved. By 1838 nearly all the Cherokee had to leave under brutal and hostile conditions.
However, by 1828, the Cherokee were “staunch allies of the Americans, having assisted them in their negotiations with the Seminoles and other tribes and having provided men to fight under the command of General Andrew Jackson against the Creeks”. At the same time, many state and federal authorities had designs on the Cherokee lands as part of the plan for western expansion and issues of sovereignty were a consideration as state and federal legislatures tried to cope with a tribal government that had its own laws and courts despite being located inside state and national boundaries. A series of treaties resulted in the removal of Cherokees from areas such as Georgia to western territories such as Oklahoma in the newly acquired Louisiana Territory. In 1817, a treaty signed made exchange for land in Arkansas. Old settlers begin voluntary migration and establish a government there.