Kurtz had been seen as a God by one tribe and had begun raiding surrounding villages for ivory and participated in brutal and savage practices. Marlow gets Kurtz to the boat and attempts to bring him back to civilization, but Kurtz was too sick and died leaving Marlow with his affairs and documents. Conrad did acknowledge that “Heart of Darkness” is in part based off of his own experiences as a captain of a steamer on the Congo River in the 1890’s, where he witnessed horrible treatment of African natives and the imperialism thrust upon the people by European companies there. The book is a bit ambiguous, but its themes are clear and the contrast of two very differ... ... middle of paper ... ...er than learn they assumed everything was wrong with their culture and societies then they commenced to pillage and slaughter. Conclusion It was a great thing to be able to read “Heart of Darkness” again (since I was much more eager than when I read it in High School).
He returned ravaged by the illness and mental disruption which undermined his health for the remaining years of his life. Marlow's journey into the Congo, like Conrad's journey, was also meaningful. Marlow experienced the violent threat of nature, the insensibility of reality, and the moral darkness. We have noticed that important motives in Heart of Darkness connect the white men with the Africans. Conrad knew that the white men who come to Africa professing to bring progress and light to "darkest Africa" have themselves been deprived of the sanctions of their European social orders; they also have been alienated from the old tribal ways.
An influential aunt in obtains an position as captain of a Congo steamer for Marlow. But when he arrives at the Company's Outer Station in Africa, he's faced with a horrible display of black slavery and white greed and hostility. In a shady grove he discovers a crew of sickly African workers that have crawled away to die. He also meets the Company's chief accountant, who mentions a man named Kurtz who is a remarkable agent that has sent more ivory from the jungle than the other agents combined. Marlow's interest is perked in Kurtz and will eventually grow into an unhealthy obsession and become the focus of the story.
On the way up to the Congo, he “passed through several abandoned villages” (Conrad 17). He felt “the silent wilderness surrounding this cleared speck on the earth struck him as something great and invincible” (Conrad 20). He went through three stations of his company: Outer Station, Central Station, and Inner Station. He saw the despicable behavior of the European traders had done to the Africa natives, only for ivory. Marlow presented with this unseen violence in the cruel suffering of the indigenous Congolese.
T.S. Elliot understands human kind as a primitive state that, in its most simple form, is a terrible existence. The novel’s savagery greatly influenced Eliot in the writing of these two poems. In Heart of Darkness the character Marlow travels to the heart of Africa as a steamboat captain employed by “The Company,” a Belgian company that trades ivory in the Congo. When he arrives, Marlow finds the native people used as slaves for the hard labor involved in the ivory trade, and the white, European traders overseeing the slave labor—both groups savage and inhumane but on opposite ends of the spectrum.
Marlow also recognizes that the forest is impenetrable (Conrad 40). Thus, Africa efficaciously protects most of the inner ends of itself against the agents. Conrad takes a strong stance against European imperialism in Heart of Darkness. He persuasively shows not only the damage that imperialism has on Africa but also on the young men who are sent into Africa to plunder it for ivory to make money for the companies. He creates Africa as a character by allowing the setting to directly affect and interact with the other characters in the story, through the fog, the river, disease, and vegetation.
This concept is similar to Conrad’s tale of the Belgians conquering the savage Africans. Darkness is everywhere including in the hearts of “civilized” persons. It appears often and is explored through the characters. Marlow becomes removed from society in the jungles of the Congo where he is forced to adapt to extreme conditions both physically and mentally these conditions force Marlow to change the way he thinks about things historically and geographically. In order to better understand Marlow’s mental journey and how the challenges in the jungle changed him, it is necessary to inspect the mind through the method of psychoanalysis.
The only thing that European civilization is capable of is stealing the African wealth. Throughout the novel, Africa is not only being described as dark but also mysterious and dangerous where light could be turned into darkness. The setting when Marlow tells his tale is foreshadowing of what is to come. The setting changes as Europeans drive deeper into the Congo, and the white man collapses under the infinite darkness of the Co... ... middle of paper ... ...e death. "(Page 29 HOD), and this is a clear evidence that proves how Marlow’s morals have been destroyed as he moves to each station.
The major theme of the novel is the hypocrisy of imperialism. Imperialism is the extension of a country’s power and influence through diplomacy or military force. This is quite evident in the novel because of the power that the European trading company has over the African natives. This is first seen when Marlow witnesses locals at the first trading station being treated like slaves. They are bound in chains and are called “criminals.” He also sees dying natives who have been worked near to the point of death.
In heart of darkness by Joseph Conrad he implies that when men give into greed and corruption they condemn themselves to eternal darkness, “the horror, the horror, the horror”. The novel follows the journey of an English ivory-trading agent, Marlow, who working for a Belgian company travels into the Congo in Africa in search of a mysterious man named Kurtz. Yet Marlow’s journey is not only physical but spiritual helping him find enlightenment and purpose. Through Kurtz immoral behavior, Marlow reflects on his own life and actions which it’s illustrated by the passage. The tone and imagery show the outrageous practice of exploitation and savagery.