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Hamartiology: The Problem of Evil (Theodicy)

Satisfactory Essays
My neighbor Sam was waiting for me outside as I returned home from church one Sunday. He confided in me that he was troubled with many events in the news, such as high school shootings, the tsunami in the Philippines, the civil war in Syria, another pandemic warning in Asia, and so on. Knowing that I am a believer in God, he wanted me to help him square the idea of how the presence of evil in the world exists, if indeed God exists.
Undoubtedly, it appeared to me that his position did not reflect an adequate understanding of the true and living God and therefore was in objection towards the view that God is just, loving, merciful, in controls all things, and that evil exists in a world created by such a God . He stated if God was sovereign, then He must be responsible for the evil in the world, or to a greater degree the author of it. It sounded to me as though he was trying to understand the problem of evil.
Providing my presupposition, I told him that Scripture speaks truthfully of God and affirms that He is holy while also teaching that He is sovereign over all creation . If this is true, then we must conclude that God ordains all things is such a way that does not go against the character of His being nor can He be held blameworthy for evil. I told him that God could not accomplish two ends simultaneously – give humans free will and remove evil from the world – without contradicting His intentions to do one or the other.
I outlined the distinction between moral evil and natural evil, in that moral agents (such as murder or rape) produce moral evil and natural evil occurs in the process of the functioning of the natural order (such as an earthquake, flood or plague). While we can attempt to question the intensity of ...

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...His creation even though He knew they could use it for evil. God is still good for giving His creation free will, even though it was abused by man, because a world full of free moral agents is far superior to one populated with automatons. God would not make humanity with free will and force them only to do good, because it would go against His will for creation to perform good acts freely.
In conclusion, we must remember the words of Paul in that, “from Him and through Him and to Him are all things” (Romans 11:36). Not “all things” except free will or evil. Not “all things” on a general scale but not on a personal one. All things come from Him, exist through Him and ultimately exist for His glory, even moral and natural evil.

Works Cited

Evangelical Dictionary of Theology, Second Edition. Edited by Walter A. Elwell. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2001.
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