The sister and also wife of Zeus, the king of the gods, Hera may be the most well known of the goddesses. The Titans of the Ocean along with the Tethys raised Hera ( Hamilton 28 ). Most people knew Ilithyia , Hera’s daughter, for her help of women through childbirth. Hera held the city of Argos sacred along with the peacock and cow. In Roman mythology, the name of Hera was changed to Juno, queen of goddesses ( Pinset 20 ).
Regardless of what they have done or thought to have done, they have made an impact on the way man foresees woman. I will discuss three women characters that play a role in the mother archetype, and explain why these rolls are important to their culture. Demeter will be the first goddess in this examination on the mother archetype, followed by Isis. These women are man made stories, to try and help explain why certain things are the way they are. The last mother archetype I will discuss was a woman that is still worshipped today, and with the help of man made stories, she has become immortal.
These individual gods specialized in his/her own field and they were the explanations for the many events that occurred around ancient Greece. This was important to the ancient civilizations; in fact, the ancient Greeks even built individual temples for the more important gods and goddesses. In these temples, the specified god or goddess was worshipped and treated like loyalty. But, the Greeks were not the only ones who observed this religion. Ancient Romans also followed in Greek’s footsteps, believing in multiple, similar gods and goddesses.
The story of "The Descent of Inanna" is a retranslation done by Samuel Kramer and Diane Wolkstein. Inanna 's descent to the underworld is a story taken from Sumerian mythology. Inanna is a Sumerian goddess of love, fertility, and warfare. She was a prominent female deity in ancient Mesopotamia pantheon. Inanna 's journey to the underworld took place because she wanted to attend the funeral ceremony of Ereshkigal 's (Inanna 's sister) husband.
There were many reasons as to why this amazing building was built, why it is famous, and why it affected so many people in Ancient times. The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus had many reasons to be built. One of them is that the Ephesians wanted to worship Artemis. To the Ephesians, who had a different religion than the Greeks who later took over Artemis was the mother god. She represented fertility and childbirth (Morris and Cox 75).
It is believed that myths were created to give the people some type of guidelines to live their life by. Myths have been handed down throughout generations so people would know what gods to worship and praise. It was common for the Egyptians and Greeks to build altars and monuments for their gods. The Athenians built the Parthenon to celebrate their superiority over the Persians and to give praise to their goddess, Athena. Through study and research it has been determined that Athena was the goddess of wisdom and war.