Geography: The Republic of Indonesia

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Indonesia is beautiful country with amazing simplicities, but what really makes it up? In this essay you will learn anything from Indonesia’s government to etiquette, history to clothing attire, land to traditions, and everything in between.

In the early 17th century, the Dutch began to colonize the country of Indonesia. After Japan’s surrender, Indonesia declared its independence on August 7, 1945, and on December 27,1949 it was recognized as independent by the Netherlands. After decades of restraining rule, free and fair legislative elections took place in 1999 (CIA). Indonesia is now the third most populous democracy in the world, the largest state surrounded by water in the world, and is also home to the world's largest Muslim population.

Indonesia is located in Southeastern Asia and is surrounded by the Indian Ocean as well as the Pacific Ocean. Indonesia has a total area of 1,904,569 square kilometers and its size is less than three times that of Texas (CIA). The climate is hot and humid; however, more temperate in the highlands. Some natural hazards include severe droughts, occasional flooding, earthquakes, tsunamis, forest fires, and chances of volcanic eruptions. Indonesia has the most volcanoes of any other country in the world. Around 76 volcanoes are historically active and a considerable amount of volcanic activity occurs on Java, western Sumatra, the islands of Halmahera, Sangihe, and Sulawesi.

The total population of Indonesia is 248,845,008 people with a population growth rate of 103% per year. This population is made up of many diverse ethnic groups, such as the Javanese, who make up the majority of the population. The Sundanese, Madurese, Minangkabau, Betawi, Bugis, Banten, and Banjar are other...

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"Traditions of Indonesia." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 14 Feb. 2013. Web. 23

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