Along with Josef Mengele, other medical doctors joined the Nazi party and performed wicked medical experiments inside and outside concentration camps. Some other medical practitioners include Dr. Karl Brandt, Dr. Herta Oberheuser, Dr. Carl Clauberg, and Dr. Horst Schumann. These doctors not only performed experiments to help Germany’s military, they also experimented ways to advance their belief that the Aryan race is superior to all others. These doctors executed many unreasonable and vile experiments on the innocent victims of the Holocaust. Of these doctors, Dr. Brandt was Adolf Hitler’s personal physician and was in his inner circle.
Doctors would watch as subjects would die from this experiment. One doctor would dissect the brain of the prisoners during this test to find that air bubbles in the veins of the brain were the cause of deaths to many. Another was a so-called freezing experiment where they used the prisoners to find a treatment for hypothermia. (United States Holocaust memorial Museum, 2013) The freezing experiments were divi... ... middle of paper ... ...tions to each other or even to transfer parts from one twin to the other: stitching them together, castrating and sterilizing them. He also did experiments on heterochromia; a condition where the irises in the eyes are two different colors.
Hundreds of labour camps were created, the people within these camps made war machines for the Germans. The other types of camps created during this time were, Transit camps, Concentration camps and Extermination camps. Conclusion: Adolf Hitler started out small but eventually he became the leader of the Nazi party which eventually got elected as government of Germany. Hitler wanted to start a New Germany and those who he deemed unfit were sent to camps which eventually evolved into concentration camps. The Jewish population started to decrease due to this but some Jews managed to survive by fleeing from the country or were constantly on the run.
The biomedical experimentations were carried out in concentration camps all over Germany including the camps of Sachsenhausen, Dachau, Natzweiler, Buchenwald, and Neuengamme. “Scientists tested immunization compounds and sera for the prevention and treatment of contagious diseases, including malaria, typhus, tuberculosis, typhoid fever, yellow fever, and infectious hepatitis”(Nazi Medical Experiments). The prisoners were chosen based on how healthy they were. If they were strong and in good physical shape, they got chosen to participate in the experiments, and if they were ill, they were either left alone or killed. The doctors and scientists were given the opportunity to do these experimentations with the government’s full support.
Josef Mengele performed horrific experiments on twins, justified by official Nazis party policies to try and create the "perfect human being". To this day, he serves as a warning signal of the evil, man is capable of doing by trying to do good for one's own race with the exclusion of others. Josef Mengele was born March 16, 1911 in Gunzburg, Germany and his parents were Karl (1881-1959) and Walburga (?-1946) Mengele. He had two younger brothers; Karl (1912-1949 and Alois (1914-1974). He had several nicknames, one of them being Beppo.
That was not the case of the physicians that severed for the labor camps in Poland. Human experimentation is sadly a horrific thing of our world’s past and is most commonly related to in the stories of testing taking place in Nazis concentration camps of World War Two. Nazis doctors took innocent people and performed grueling experiments on them for three specific reasons (United States Holocaust Museum). A person’s body can only withstand so much in extreme conditions. One of the top priorities for Nazis doctors was seeing how far you can push your body to the limit (United States Holocaust Museum).
Twins were also desirable in these experiments to show a controlled group. Gypsies and political prisoners were experimented with, because they were there for the Germans disposal. Thousands of people died in these horrible experiments. These experiments were performed to show how the Jewish race was inferior to the Aryan race. Many of the subject’s were twins, mostly identical.
He experimented with trying to change boys into girls, and injected twins with different diseases in order to observe them side by side on the autopsy table when they died within hours of each other; if the sick one were to die, he would kill the otherwise healthy twin in order to perform his autopsies. “In those days we didn’t know what the experiments were for or what we... ... middle of paper ... ...er in their grave at the world forgetting them and recognizing the pain they suffered. Works Cited Cefrey, Holly. Doctor Josef Mengele The Angel of Death (Holocaust Biographies). New York: Rosen Group, 2001.
Multiple factors, including ideology, socialization, and psychological adaption allowed Nazi doctors to throw away the fact that their test subjects were human beings in an effort to rationalize, excuse, and compartmentalize murder. Ideology was clearly central to how the perpetrators of the Holocaust, including doctors, dismissed the humanity of their victims to justify murder and torture. Central to Nazi ideology was the demonization of Jews, and this demonization was part of the thought process of physicians at the camps. Robert Lifton interviewed one of the Nazi doctors who worked at Auschwitz, and noted that the doctor “was consistent in stressing their [all of the Nazi doctors at Auschwitz] sense of a “Jewish Problem” and their tendency to speak in what he called the usual propaganda phrases” (Lifton 204). To the Nazis the Jews were threats to Germany.
Around a dozen of concentration camps conducted these excruciating experiments. There were four main categories in which the experiments fell under. The first being for the survival of the Axis military; the second category was aimed at the discovery of new and effective immunizations and treatments for illnesses; the third category was to corroborate and expand upon the Nazi racial ideas (“Nazi Medical Experiments”), the last category was only to quench the curiosity of these physicians. At Auschwitz, Dr. Clauberg and Dr. Schumann experimented methods of sterilization (explain) on around one thousand males and females (Wigoder 263). Males were also victims of forced castrations, which is the removal of the testes by any means- chemically, surgically, etc.. Josef Mengele, a geneticist particularly interested in the genes of twins and dwarfs (Wigoder 263), conducted pseudoscientific research, “scientific” research without any evidence to support the theory, on twins, dwarfs, infants, and twins (“Auschwitz”).