Freud Personality

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1. Freud’s conception of the latent and manifest content of dreams.
Freud was the founding father of psychoanalysis, a method for treating mental illness and a theory explaining human behavior.
• Latent Content: It illustrates the hidden meaning of one’s unconscious thoughts, drives, and desires.
• Manifest Content: It the information that the conscious individual remembers experiencing.
2. Components of the psyche as proposed by Freud.
Freud developed a structural model of the mind comprising the entities.
• Id: It is the set of uncoordinated instinctual trends. It acts according to the "pleasure principle which motivates the tendency to seek immediate gratification of any impulse.
• Ego: It is the organized, realistic part that
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Superego develops.
 Oedipus Complex: Boy develops sexual (pleasurable) desires for the mother and develops jealousy towards the father but fears him for his thoughts and thus, develops a castration anxiety for fear that his father will harm his penis.
 Electra Complex: The girl desires the father, but realizes that she does not have a penis. This leads to the development of penis envy and the wish to be a boy.
• Latent: Little to no sexual motivation present. No further psychosexual development takes place during this stage and thus, child’s energy is transferred to school, work and other extracurricular activities.
• Genital: Penis or vagina- sexual intercourse. The last stage of Freud 's psychosexual theory of personality development and begins in puberty. It is a time of adolescent sexual experimentation
5. Jung’s concept of the universal unconsciousness: Carl Gustav Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist and founder of the school of analytical psychology. He proposed and developed the concepts of the extroverted and introverted personality, archetypes, and the collective unconscious.
Archetypes constitute the structure of the collective unconscious - they are psychic innate dispositions to experience and represent basic human behavior and
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The results are based on a psychodynamic interpretation of the details of the drawing, such as the size, shape and complexity of the facial features, clothing and background of the figure.
9. Personality Traits: Idiographic vs. Nomothetic:
Personality refers to individual differences in characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving.
• The Idiographic view: It emphasizes that each person has a unique psychological structure and that some traits are possessed by only one person; and it is impossible to compare one person with others. This idea also emphasizes that traits may differ in importance from person to person. It tends to use case studies, bibliographical information, diaries etc. for information gathering.
• The Nomothetic view: It emphasizes the application of comparison among the individuals but at the same time, sees people as unique in their combination of traits. This idea sees traits as having the same psychological meaning in everyone. The belief is that people differ only in the amount of each trait. This approach tends to use self-report personality questions, factor analysis etc.
10. Individualistic and Collectivistic

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