Folk Music

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The ‘folk’ genre has roots all the way back to the 19th century. Put simply, ‘folk’ is “ballads and songs which are composed and transmitted orally, without ever being written down at all.” (http://www.balladtree.com/folk101/002a_origins.htm) Though what we perceive as ‘folk’ today is stylistically very different to what ‘folk’ was during the 19th century. At its core, it still holds the same values and ideas, lamenting the simpler times. In the coming speech, we will discuss the genre of ‘folk’, it’s origins, the changes it underwent in the 20th century and the factors that influenced each development and also the characteristics of the genre, including singing styles, rhythm and instrumentation. Folk as a genre, consists of a civilisations history passed down through generations in spoken word form rather than being written down and recorded. Different countries and different regions around the world, all had varying styles of the ‘folk’ music they produced. Cultures from England would have had a different style to those from Scandinavia and the Scandinavians would have had different style of ‘folk’ to the Dutch and Germans and the tribes from Africa too. “The folk music of the Germanic people is known in different phrases and varying degrees. For the English-speaking peoples there exists a vast body of ballads, collected in England as well as America. Of German folklore we know best the songs that have come into repertory rather recently. Swedish folk music happens to have available a large collection of fiddle tunes, because some Swedish collectors have concentrated on this aspect of music.” (Folk & Traditional Music of the Western Continents Bruno Nettl) Here Bruno Nettl states some of the obvious dissimilarities ... ... middle of paper ... ...ctical Recording Techniques, 5th Edition, Focal Press, Massachusetts USA. Blumenfeld, H (2000) ‘Folk Music 101, Part II: Origins of Folk Music’ accessed 3 May 2010 from: http://www.balladtree.com/folk101/002a_origins.htm Buffy St. Marie (1964) ‘Universal Soldier: In Depth’ accessed 21 May 2010 from: http://www.creative-native.com/albums.php?song_id=7&album_id=1&) DeSiato, N (1998) ‘March On Washington’ accessed 26 May 2010 from: http://www.angelfire.com/pa/marchonwashington/march.html Folk Music. (2010). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved May 25, 2010, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/212168/folk-music Nettl, B (1965) Folk & Traditional Music of the Western Continents, Prentice Hall Inc. New Jersey Owenby, J (2002) ’60’s Timeline’ accessed 18 May 2010 from: http://www.jeffs60s.com/timeline.html

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