It has been suggested that, because older children have developed cognitive maturity, parents tend to rely on their adolescent offspring to provide support and advice, resulting in increased pressures and responsibilities (Wright & Maxwell, 1991). It is important to examine the impact of divorce and its relational outcomes to further understand and prevent additional complications within the family unit. Therefor the purpose in this review of literature is to illuminate the underlying factors of divorce that strain the relations between the separated parents and their adolescent children. Feeling Caught as a Mediator As satisfaction within a marriage deteriorates, complications between the couple influence the child’s satisfaction within the family unit. Over time, children learn how to mediate arguments between their adult parents in order to seek a communicative agreement.
Elaborating on the definition of negative emotional expressions, Schwartz et al. (2012) differentiated between submissive (unhappy) and dominant (combative) expressions because they are conveyed differently and; therefore, could predict distinctive symptomatology. It is essential to gain insight into the development of these symptoms in adolescence because raised levels of internalizing symptoms over time have been found to substantially increase the possibility of developing depression and anxiety disorders (Klein, Shankman, Lewinsohn, & Seeley, 2009; Pine, Cohen, Cohen, & Brook, 1999). Aggression is thought to induce fear and compliance in others (Keltner & Kring, 1998). Therefore, extended exposure to aggression from the parent can produce anxiety and/or depression symptoms in adolescence (Rodriguez, 2003).
The research conducted by Harol... ... middle of paper ... ...nd also his/her social skills. In conclusion, certain environments can have a negative impact on children’s subsequent psychological development. In this essay I discussed how an environment of domestic violence and inter-parental conflict and an environment of divorce or separation and the changing of the family structure can negatively affect the child’s psychological development and behaviour. Domestic abuse and inter-parental conflict, even if it is not directed at the child, have the ability of making the child become more susceptible to the same psychological trauma, in terms of development, as children who receive direct physical abuse and maltreatment from their parents. An environment where the child is exposed to conflict and aggressive behaviour from their parents or “models” can also have significant negative impacts on their psychological development.
In addition to searching for personal identity, it is important for the adolescent to establish autonomy within his/her social context. As their peer interactions change, their family relationships do as well. However, the family context is very important in regard to adolescent development. The relationship quality between adolescents and their families greatly influence their self-esteem, ability to adjust, and relationships with others. Conversely, the relationship quality between adolescents and their families is often influenced by the number, birth order, and age spacing of siblings within the family.
The biggest outcomes that come from divorced families would be psychosocial development of internal and external stress sources, and intimate and social relationships. Other factors that can come into play are closeness with parents, well-being, and reactions to life situations and choices that involve social influences. If the effects of divorce on an adolescent are extreme, then the feeling of being overlooked and ignored can develop. People of all different ages and occupations need to know and realize that these factors are very important; people also need to be knowledgeable on how to improve these outcomes and prevent horrible consequences in teens and people in general. Divorce effects on adolescents can become issues in their psychosocial development throughout their teen years and beyond.
Moreover, an intervention of teachers' and mental health professionals is highly important, as well as understanding the perception of sexual orientation and interacting with sexual minority youth. The sense of belonging and acceptance is a basic human need that is directly linked to mental health and it triggers different types of emotions. Poor relationships between families and peers can trigger distress and being rejected in the school environment or the society will highly create suicidal risks for the LGB adolescents. An intervention or prevention for these negative interrelationships between the homosexuals and the heterosexuals, along with understanding and supporting the sexual minority youth needs to take in action.
Marital dysfunction, as evidenced by parental separation and domestic violence, is associated with higher risks of child sexual abuse" (Mullen 4). Mullen goes on to state that "The possibility has been raised that characteristics such as physical attractiveness, temperament, or physical maturity might increase the risks of children being sexually abused" (4). Many researchers link behavioral problems in adulthood to childhood abuse. One researcher says that "An adult who was sexually abused as a child has a greater chance of becoming violent, suicidal, and abusive to their children than an adult who was not abused sexually as a child" (Kliest 155). These characteristics could hinder a victim from living a normal lifestyle and having a family.
This essay will critically explore why social workers need to know about the life course. It will do so by examining the particular area of sexuality, and as a related issue, adolescent mental health, this being one of the chief risk factors in coming out. It therefore follows that because social workers deal with service users from birth to death, it is crucial to understand what life course one is on and the impact that passing from one transition to another can have on an individual (Thomson, 2008). This will enable social workers to understand what this stage means to a service user when interpreted in their own narrative and how to effectively help. In addition, social workers would respond differently when for example dealing with an adolescent as compared to a middle age adult.
Purpose of the Study To assess if marital conflicts between parents has a direct dramatic negative affect on the outcome of their children. If there is an indirect negative affect on children, what are the causes of the indirect or displaced behavior of parents towards the child/children. Literature Review Researchers have conducted studies on how marital conflict is a significant source of environmental stress for children. There has been evidence of its indirect affects and direct affects. Witnessing such conflict may harm their stress response systems, affecting their mental and intellectual development.
These are all impacts that adolescents face and a parental divorce can make this process more difficult during these transformations. Purpose of the research: This study will review significant literature on the impact of parental divorce has. Since divorce is prevalent in today's society, understanding the impact on adolescents will be more helpful Specific Aims: 1. To understand the impact of divorce on children 2. What impact does parental divorce have on the mother, father and adolescent relationship?