In The Discourses on Livy Machiavelli discusses things that were currently happening within Rome as a result of the public council, the decision made by the Roman people in an attempt to increase the empire, as well as the actions made by select men which made Rome a successful nation. During the times of political uncertainty Machiavelli responds to the need for a stable political structure and the moral basis for which this structure would exists, as well as the interest of the individual and the state in conjunction with the Italian environment in an age of great city states. Italian politics during the 15th century were in a state of flux as a result of the Renaissance in the 14th century. Machiavelli attempts to outline the ideal autocratic regime which would emphasize the need for realism over the currently favored idealist mindset. Current Italian political and ethical goals were based on the idea that the people must wait for changes to occur by chance, whereas Machi... ... middle of paper ... ...es…but enables men of private fortune…” (Machiavelli Chapter XIV).
Benito Mussolini, the late dictator of Italy, was nicknamed IL Duce which translates to “the leader”. During Mussolini’s reign as dictator over Italy, he aimed to return the country to its former glory. Benito Mussolini’s doctrine of Fascism influenced his economic and political decisions concerning Italy in various ways. Mussolini was born on July 29, 1883 in Predappio, Italy. His full name was Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini.
To illustrate this point, one needs only to look at two different forms of fascism that arose in Europe in the early Twentieth Century, Italian Fascism and Nazi Germany. The original form of fascism was born in Italy by Benito Mussolini. Mussolini was a physically imposing man who was considered attractive. This pleasing appearance was combined with his charismatic leadership and powerful oration, and he quickly rose in power as a result. In Italian Fascism, there was very clear emphasis on war and the reclamation of the Roman empire.
When Fascism is mentioned it is usually in reference to certain regimes in countries like Italy, Germany, Spain and Indonesia; with Italy and Germany being the most notable. This essay will explain the ideology of Fascism as it pertains to both countries and discuss the similarities and differences between Italian Fascism focusing on Benito Mussolini’s reign and fascism in Germany, specifically Adolf Hitler’s National Socialism, also known as Nazism. The Fascist ideology first developed in Italy in association with the National Fascist Party, which was led by Benito Mussolini for twenty-one years starting in 1922 (Kallis, 2000). The primary source of Italian fascism was a strong sense of Italian nationalism and the goal of expanding italian territories which was essential to achieving the nation’s goal of establishing itself as a world power (Lazzaro, 2005). Mussolini’s fasc... ... middle of paper ... ...ca, New York, USA: Cornell University Press, 2005.
In Italian Fascism: Its Origins and Development, Alexander De Grand clarifies the many promises Benito Mussolini fabricated for the Italian people in order to get them to join his cause such as the improvement on poverty with the rise of a new Roman Empire. De Grand also gives an opposite view, with some citizens seeing Fascism as a “model of efficiency.” In Melton S. Davis’ Who Defends Rome?, t... ... middle of paper ... ...efection from the Axis in 1943. London: Oxford University Press, 1971. Secondary Sounces: Albrecht-Carrie, Rene. "The Four Power Pact, 1933 by Konrad Hugo Jarausch."
These included the building of transport links such as railways, the creation of postal services, and the use of central administration, which helped significantly in creating more unified nations. Therefore, nationalism was the main factor behind the formation of nineteenth century nation states, but this nationalism was encouraged and imposed by governments. Central to the imposition of nationalism from above in the formation of nation states was the emphasis placed upon shared national histories and traditions by governments. National histories defined what the nation was and where it had c... ... middle of paper ... ...nalisation of the masses, and therefore the formation of the Italian nation state. For example, there were monuments to key figures in Italian history throughout the city, such as the statue of Garibaldi, which was purposefully put in the same area as the events involving him took place, on the Gianicolo.
Mazzini saw revolution as the only means to establishing an national identity, not only in... ... middle of paper ... ... in various different ways. Mazzini acted as the spark of revolution through his ability to unite the people through his literary propaganda. Cavour’s role was that of the statesmen, developing ways to make unification work under a constitutional government. Cavour ensured Italian unification through diplomatic channels culminating in the conflict that would eventually unite Italy. Apart from establishing the Italian peninsula, Cavour also built a railway to unite areas of Italy and also aided in stabilizing the economy.
Mussolini’s goal was to create an ultimate Italian empire, in alliance with Hitler’s Germany. (2) "The manner in which Mussolini and the Fascist Party gained possession of the government was regarded in most foreign circles as an illegal act of violence." (3) As the nation of Italy began to suffer great debts, Mussolini had been summoned by the King to form a government to aid in the economic needs. This marked the birth of the Fascist Party in Italy. In the beginning of his rise to the top, Mussolini was popular amongst his people.
Hitler proved very strong right from the beginning and he brought his plans very nearly to completion, controlling the party and the country much more thoroughly than Mussolini could. The goals of these two leaders were also very alike because of their fascist ideas. The keystone of the fascist political system was the leader: every person and every group, every lobby, lay beneath him on the same level. The Italian and German fascist movements tr... ... middle of paper ... ...m agreement on religion. In Italy the Catholic Church exercised a strong influence on the people.
Benito Mussolini is known correctly as Italy’s most famous dictator. He went from a normal Italian citizen to the leader of a country. Mussolini was a person who was manipulated and manipulated others. There were choices that could have possibly kept Italy out of the war that were ignored. He could also be known as one of Hitler’s most famous of his thousands of puppets.