Jonathan Edwards, in 1741, preaches at Enfield Connecticut, to the congregation with a desire of converting men who thought too highly of themselves to Christianity. Edwards establishes points by using different strategies of figurative language with the intention of capturing the emotional side of his audience. By using a variety of styles to scare his audience, Edwards’ sermon, with powerful diction, had a great outcome of repenters. Obviously, men depend on God to keep them out of hell, “Your wickedness makes you, as it were, heavy as lead, and to rend downwards with great weight and pressure towards hell, and if God should let you go, you would immediately sink and swiftly descend and plunge into the bottomless gulf.” Following Edwards’ sermon further, mens’ wickedness is going to weigh them down. By comparing the congregation to the heaviness of lead, they are able to imagine how hard it is to not fall into hell and how much they need God.
153) In this quotation, he utilized vivid imagery because he wanted the Puritans to visibly imagine what he was saying through his sermon, on how angry God is with them, which made them convert back to Puritanism. Through the use of vivid imagery such as “crush a w... ... middle of paper ... ...God”, by Jonathan Edwards successfully persuaded the Puritans to be converted back to Puritanism. Through Edwards’ sermon the Puritans were compelled to renew their faith back to God. Edwards gave the Puritans a sense of realization, which caused them to go back to their congregation. Edwards horrified the Puritans, with his use of vivid and descriptive imagery, which effectively persuaded them to return to the congregation.
It would be dreadful to suffer this fierceness and wrath of all mighty God one moment; but you must suffer it to all eternity.”(Edwards 43). By committing sin in their mortal lives without being converted, the unsaved people will spent their eternal life’s burring in the fiery pits of Hell. Another way Edwards uses logos is by getting his congregation to use common sense. "Many that were very lately in the same condition that you are in are now in a happy state, with their hearts filled with love to ilk that has loved them, and washed them from their sins in his own blood, and rejoicing in hope of the glory of God. How awful is it to be left behind at such a day!
Ethos, pathos, and logos assist Jonathan Edward in “Sinners of the Hands of an Angry God” gain the trust of his audience. These rhetorical devices helped Edwards persuade the unconverted to become a child of Christ. Edwards employed ethos to allow his audience to see he understands their situation. Pathos assisted Edwards frighten his audience into thinking about God 's wrath. Pathos also let the audience understand what they would go through if they did not commit to being converted.
He was telling the people there is nothing they can hide from God because he always know what is going on within their surroundings. It was said that “they are now the objects of that very same anger and wrath of God that is expressed in the torments of hell” (Edwards 432). He was telling the people that when they disobey and have no patience; God will send them sign to let them know they can repent for their sins or hell will be the consequence when they die. In the bible it said “Surely thou didst set them in slippery places; thou castedst them down into destruction” (Psalm 73.18). That God will cast them to destruction when they have not got themselves together and will be condemned from getting to heaven.
Although the main theme of this sermon was the Anger of God, this sermon is meant to depict the relationship between the Holy God and sinful man. First of all, Edwards describes the natural condition of man as being bleak. He says that God’s fury “burns against them”, that God’s “glittering sword is whet, and held over them, and the pit hath opened its mouth under them” (196). What he means by this is that “unconverted men” are in a standing with God that is precarious (196). They have not yet fallen under the judgment of God, but could at any given time be swallowed whole by the wrath of God.
In “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” Jonathan Edwards positively affected his readers using pathos, logos, and ethos, while trying to convince the unconverted members of his sermon to be born again. Pathos is the most obvious
Edwards use of parallelism in the quote “The devil is waiting for them, hell is gaping for them, the flames gather and flash about them” serves two purposes: to instill a sense of fear in the audience and he also gives the audience their first taste of the the pain they will feel throughout this piece. His uses of parallelism allows Edwards to exponentially build a sense of fear and it is maintained throughout this sermon. The audience also begins to feel a sense of fear and helplessness in Edward 's first paragraph, which he will also maintain throughout this piece. Additionally, Edward engages repetition in his speech in order to continuously build fear and suspense in his audience. Edward begins to use the noun “you” after the second paragraph in order to make his argument more personal and more emotional.
Edwards describes hell as such a horrific, painful, hideous, gory, and gruesome place that his audience is almost forced to pursue the ideas of Edwards due to their desperate attempt to avoid this fate. Throughout the sermon, Edwards utilized the rhetorical strategies of rhetorical appeals, imagery, and symbolism to support his statement on the fate of sinners. The audience of Edwards was emotionally moved by his exemplification usage on the descriptions of afterlife punishment and were pushed toward the "purity" in their lifestyle. The Great Awakening was a time of enlightenment that was due to many rhetorically supported preachers who spoke to connect their audiences to the themes of their
In Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God, Jonathan Edwards displays all elements of an oratory by appealing to emotions, including expressive and rhythmic language, addressing the needs and concerns of his audience, and inspiring others to take action. Jonathan Edwards used three key emotions to appeal to his audience: fear, pity, and guilt. He created fear by showing sinners their future if they were to continue to sin. Puritans were avid believers in the afterlife, and when Edwards explains a dreadful “long forever, a boundless duration before you, which will swallow up your thoughts and amaze your soul; and you will absolutely despair of ever having any deliverance, any end, any mitigation, any rest at all…” this exploits the Puritans worst fears of a bleak afterlife. (Edwards 105).