European Imperialism In Africa Research Paper

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What was the driving force behind European imperialism in Africa? Between 1500 and 1800, European nations had traded slaves, gold, and ivory along the west coast of Africa. In the 1800’s this had changed as European Explorers pushed their way into the interiors of western and central Africa. European presence in Africa was mostly about buying and selling slaves from local chiefs. Slave ships would arrive, trade their pots, cloth and guns for West African slaves, then set sail for the Americas.

European countries were known to have held seven African colonies, which were Germany, Portugal, Italy, Great Britain, France, Spain, and Belgium. Britain and France were the two countries, exactly, that were the biggest winners in the race to seize African colonies. Many of these countries have there own dreaming plans for success, one of them being Britain. Britain had a dream of building a railroad from the Mediterranean Sea to South Africa but worried that German East Africa would intrude from this taking place. Later on, the German East Africa did so intrude from Britain's doing. By 1085, the only two african countries that had remained independent was ethopia and liberia. John Ruskin was a well regarded english …show more content…

Exports in Great Britain and Africa had both increased between 1854 to 1900. Africa was a valuable country to the Europeans, as Africa was a source for marketing products. A writer named Rudyard Kipling had written a poem called “The White Man’s Burden” explaining British Imperialism. The title “White Man’s Burden” means it is the Europeans duty to help civilization. Kipling talks to the British citizens saying “send forth the best ye breed” meaning send off to foreign lands your best young people. Kipling then says “Your new-caught, sullen peoples,/Half-devil and half-child”, when saying this he tries to encourage the british to help others live a healthy

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