European Colonies of the Americas

973 Words2 Pages

Following Spain and Portugal's first efforts to claim the "New World" for their own, England, France and the Netherlands establish colonies throughout North America, predominantly seeking economic wealth and opportunities with occasional religious intentions. While the Spanish savagely plunder the riches of the natives to satisfy their own greed in this newly untapped world, the English, French and Dutch pursue a seemingly less violent approach through lucrative trade and establishing colonies, to meet their own intentions. In the northern regions of North America (what is today Canada) and the southeast (what is now Florida) occurred the beginning of French and Native American interactions for trade. On the Atlantic coast of what is today much of the Northeastern United States lies the English colonies that dominate their focus on producing tobacco and trading goods for luxurious furs. While there is the presence of a Puritan society that hoped for religious tolerance within the Massachusetts Bay colony, this was one of the few exceptions among the English settlements. In New Amsterdam, a Dutch colony in present day New York, lies a trading and farming community that is solely there to claim a stake in the "New World". Representing Spain, Columbus establishes a gold seeking society motivated in finding riches. As European countries settled vast expanses of territory through North America, each nation shows their desires for economic gains and a presence in the Americas.

As Jacques Cartier first comes in contact with Indians during his exploration of the new lands, he orders his men to create a symbol to mark French authority, a "Shield with three Floure de Luces in it" which they presented to the natives. On the top of it was...

... middle of paper ...

...ld be sent to the governor and treasurer". In other words, they ensured that the amount of gold returning back to Spain was correct. Based primarily on profiting from the gold mines, these colonies were largely created to plunder (Document 1).

The European colonization of the Americas granted new opportunities to second born males who would have been soldiers or serving under the church or any who were less fortunate. It gave people a new start away from the monarchy and corruption that was prevalent through Europe. The French, English, Dutch and Spanish primarily colonized the "New World" for commercial and trading gains. None of these European nations conformed its entire enterprise to a religious endeavor or even came close to doing so. This brought astounding changes to both the "Old" and "New World" changing the course of history in ways we take for granted.

In this essay, the author

  • Analyzes how england, france, and the netherlands establish colonies throughout north america, seeking economic wealth and opportunities with occasional religious intentions.
  • Analyzes how jacques cartier orders his men to create a symbol to mark french authority, which was carved with the inscription "vive le roy de france".
Show More
Open Document