The Nature of the Gods in 'Epic of Gilgamesh'

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The Epic of Gilgamesh is the greatest text of Mesopotamia and one of the earliest pieces of world literature. Gilgamesh quest for immortality explores human concerns about death, friendship, nature, civilization, power, violence, travel adventures, homecoming, love and sexuality. Gilgamesh is 2/3 god because of his superhuman strength and endurance; he is 1/3 human because of his mortality. The gods are portrayed in a variety of ways in the Gilgamesh epic. In this epic the gods acted very unfairly and impulsively throughout the epic, but also take action to help their people. Gods are dangerous which Gilgamesh and Enkidu (was formed from clay and saliva by Aruru, the goddess of creation, to rid Gilgamesh of his arrogance) learn too well after several encounters with the gods.
“You created this headstrong wild bull in ramparted Uruk…Gilgamesh leaves no girl to her mother! The warrior’s daughter, the young man’s spouse, Anu kept hearing their plaints.”
In the epic of Gilgamesh the people went to the gods and complained about how Gilgamesh was being selfish, power hungry, arrogant, purely unreasonable; therefore, they created Enkidu to correct him. This shows that the gods are doing something to benefit one candidate (people), but in the other hand it’s going to hurt Gilgamesh in a way they weren’t expecting. Enkidu was created to correct Gilgamesh, but he ends up becoming Gilgamesh’s best friend which angered the gods.
Gods live by their own laws and frequently behave as emotionally and irrationally as children. Piety is important to the gods, and they expect obedience and flattery whenever possible. One could ask the gods for guidance or help and they were often helpful, but angering them is sheer madness—and a character’s revere...

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...s up a mirror to the king's own violent and impulsive misadventures, and the epilogue and prologue of the epic both suggest that he took it to heart. The story ends with the king admiring the divine plan for Mesopotamian civilization and praising the cult of Ishtar - a clear indication that he has finally accepted his proper responsibilities as king of Uruk and that he has made peace with its patron gods. Via the actions of the gods described in the flood story, the king leans that it is better to preserve life than to destroy it and that wisdom is more valuable than unlimited power or immortality. Gilgamesh 1/3 human kept him from being immortal which he strived for throughout the epic. He did not become immortal as not being able to die, but he did become immortal that his name lived on with the accomplishments that he brought back and did for his people of Uruk.
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