Employee Motivation: Role in Modern Management

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Employee Motivation: Role in Modern Management Surviving the existing competition and remaining profitable and relevant in the market is a challenge faced by every enterprise. In order to achieve this, different methodologies are available for use by different companies. One such avenue, which is probably the most productive, is the motivation of employees. Motivation refers to the creation of a friendly environment and provision of conditions that challenge the workforce to be better at their job. This ensures that the productivity is maximum, and the set goals and objectives are achieved with ease. In this accord, the role of employee motivation in the modern management cannot be overemphasized. Firstly, employee motivation leads to increased willingness to work, hence increased productivity and reduced employee turnover. Researchers have linked favorable perceptions of rewards to positive human resource outcomes such as employee job satisfaction and willingness to take the extra mile towards achieving the organization’s goals and objectives. Motivated employees hardly get any reasons to quit (Nujjo & Meyer, 2012). The management has the responsibility of rewarding the employees favorably for their efforts, thus keeping them interested to work. Motivation through giving of rewards is divided into two types; extrinsic motivation, which involves motivation by the use of external factors such as monetary incentives and rewards; and intrinsic motivation which is the self-drive by employees themselves to achieve and outdo their best for their own satisfaction (Frey & Osterloh, 2002). Application of both or one of the approaches is a choice a manager has to make. Whichever the case, these forms of motivation ensure great unity of p... ... middle of paper ... ...s. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Hiam, A. (2003). Motivational management: Inspiring your people for maximum performance. New York, NY: AMACOM. Lipman, V. (2013, May 18). 5 easy ways to motivate- And demotivate- Employees. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/victorlipman/2013/03/18/5-easy-ways-to-motivate-and-demotivate-employees/ Maddock, R. C., & Fulton, ‎R. L. (1998). Motivation, emotions, and leadership: The silent side of management. Westport, CT: Quorum Books. Muogbo, U. S., (2013). The impact of employee motivation on organization performance. The International Journal of Engineering and Science, 2(7), 70-80. Nujjo, A., & Meyer, I. (2012). The importance of different types of rewards for employee motivation and commitment in South Africa. SA Journal of Human Resource Management, 10(2), 166-188. doi: 10.4102/sajhrm.v10i2.442
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