Early Doctors, Surgeons, and Apothecaries

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In the 18th century, the medical field was made up of mostly men. There were three jobs in this field: Physicians, Surgeons, and Apothecaries. Physicians were the most elite of the three. Physicians in the 18th century had no knowledge of anything. Nobody knew that disease was spread by bacteria, germs, and viruses. Because they didn’t know this, nobody practiced sterilization or hygiene, hospital and personal. In the 18th century, scientists were strongly influenced by theories. In 350 B.C., Aristotle believed that everything was made from fire, earth, air and water. There later was a Greek physician named Galen. He practiced about 500 years after Aristotle. Galen believed that the body had four elements which he called humors. The four humors were: blood, phlegm, black bile, and yellow bile. When all four elements were balanced, then the body was healthy. If the body seemed like the elements were not balanced, he would balance it by drawing the patient’s blood, or making them vomit. Colleges didn’t accept many doctors for training. The training was usually offered to the upper class. Because of this, doctors were usually trained through apprenticeships. Doctors were considered highly trained for this time period. Even though more doctors were being trained, they weren’t always available. Many people lived too far away to have access to doctors. Some didn’t have access because of beliefs or social customs. Women during this time period had many responsibilities. They had to take care of the housekeeping and the children. Even though they didn’t have much training, they served as doctors, nurses, and pharmacists. Many of the women learned from their mothers using herbs and available resources. Women usually had hand books on ho... ... middle of paper ... ...field really started. Works Cited "18th Century American Medicine." 18th Century American Medicine. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2014. . "Doctors: Physicians, Surgeons, Dentists and Apothecaries in EnglandEdit This Page." Doctors: Physicians, Surgeons, Dentists and Apothecaries in England. Family Search, 30 Dec. 2011. Web. 21 Apr. 2014. . Rorke, Elizabeth. "Surgeons and Butchers." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2014. . S.K., Morgan. "Welcome to Facts 4 Me Display of Information." Welcome to Facts 4 Me Display of Information. N.p., 2011. Web. 21 Apr. 2014. .
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