This essay examines the phenomenon of crime by looking at the effects of income on crime through a proposed observational research design. To be precise, I am arguing that poverty causes crime. In the following, I will discuss my causal theory, before proposing an observational research design with a multiple linear regression model and addressing reverse causality, confounding variables, internal and external validity, and the overall advantages and disadvantages of my research design.
Can you believe that 60% of rural children in the United States are living in poverty? Poverty is one out of many problems that America faces today. So, where does this all start? It starts with education. Education plays a huge role in this problem because most of America is not fully educated. They cannot get jobs to support their families, like farming and such. So, what about the families in poverty that live in metropolitan areas? They are faced with more problems than people in rural communities. They turn to crime because it is the only way they can provide for their household and family. By examining the causes, rural crimes and statistics of poverty, crime does foster poverty.
History has proven that there is in fact a direct link between poverty and crime bin the United States even although it is full of good-hearted citizens. Poverty links to crimes because poor people are more likely to be involved in streets crimes. Such crimes include assault, robbery, and burglary and auto theft. The poor are more likely to face arrest, trail and conviction or prison. The relationship between poverty and crime has been a controversial subject over the years. Poor people make up the overwhelming majority of those behind bars as 53% of those in prison earned less than $10,000 per year before incarceration.
However, Hipp and Yates (2011) wanted to see if poverty increase will have accelerated effect on crime. They used census data from 25 cities from 2000 to 2010. After completing the study, they found that if poverty increases robbery will increase but to a certain point. Once the threshold poverty level is reached the robbery rates will start to go down. They theorized that phenomenon by concluding that as neighborhood poverty increases it will get disorganized and crimes will take place, but once the neighborhood is too poor the criminals will see the lack of suitable targets and the robbery rates will decrease from there
... Poverty is known for having some well noted, negative outcomes to those dealing with the issues they are facing. There are many who suggest, that being poor causes people to commit crimes; either out of desperation, or bad-mindedness, some people are thought to break the law. Many people ignorantly assume that criminal activities are some ways poor people in urban areas, survive, and that the underprivileged people are the main cause of the majority of crimes. While there are higher instances of crimes in urban areas, it is only because there is a much larger population compared to that in rural or suburban communities. “The Federal Bureau of Investigations” data consistently shows a steady decline in all major criminal activities since the 1990s, mainly due to, more structure in both the law and police systems in America (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2010).
How can there be so much misery and insecurity in the midst of such abundance? One of the first things we see is that poverty doesn’t exist all by itself. It is simply one end of an overall distribution of income and wealth in society as a whole. Poverty is both a structural aspect of the system and consequence of how the system is organized and how people participate in it.
In the United States there are specific areas that have been overwhelmed by the infestation of crime and violence and it appears to be at its peak in areas where poverty is high. Therefore, in this essay I will examine the connection between poverty and crime and attempt to prove relationships of the two. The link between poverty and crime is not a new discussion. In fact it has been an extremely controversial subject among many over the years. There have been arguments made stating that poverty does not have a direct link to crime based on countries that have very high poverty, however ...
As everyone knows there are many aspects of poverty one of the main aspects of poverty is the lack of money, or can be called money shortage. As many people imagine and always think of how poverty is measured, well it is mostly measured in terms of income and affordability; other ways of measuring poverty is also the lack of resources which are one of the most effective ways in measuring the level of poverty in a country. Also there is poverty of power, which is how much power you have towards something and one of the most important thing that anyone needs is sanitation and people who live in poverty, doesn’t have access to sanitations, in addition there the lack of clean water which is one of the most basic needs that no one can live with, that’s one reason why many people die, which is because of lack of clean water. The poverty of money and power are the most common aspects that occur in poverty.
Houghton, Mifflin and Harcourt 2013. “Causes and Effects of Poverty.” Cliff Notes. Retrieved May 2nd, 2014 (http://www.cliffsnotes.com/sciences/sociology/social-and-global-stratification/causes-and-effects-of-poverty).
Most people of the society still blame the poor for their own predicament. They believe that "if there is a will there is a way". However, they do not think about their government that might had made bad decisions and policies that could actually harm successful development. This causes of poverty and inequality are usually less discussed and often neglected. We must recognize the effects poverty could have on the society and seek ways to create better understanding and resolve the issue before it is too late.