Distillation In The Middle Ages

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Amongst the many achievements which the Arab scholars had produced, they also refined and popularized a technique that gave rise to a new range of drinks known as distillation. Dating back to the fourth millennium BCE, distillation has been found in northern mesopotamia where it was used as perfumes. However, the eighth century BCE was when distillation became important towards the advancement of civilization as the Arab scholar, Jabir ibn Hayyan, devised an improved form of distillation apparatus and applied it to wine, creating a liquid with far more alcohol content than ever before. These drinks were heavily crucial when it came time for the age of exploration because they provided a durable and compact form of alcohol for transport …show more content…

The Enlightenment represented a celebration of empiricism, free speech, careful observation, and patient study of classical texts. Indeed, the key drink of the Enlightenment was coffee which enabled the spread of new rationalism throughout Europe by promoting sharpness and clarity of thought. In addition, coffee had another appeal which was that it had been unknown to the Greeks or Romans emphasizing that the world had move past the limits of the ancient world. Coffee had been popular in the Muslim world for many hundreds of years, in part because Islam forbade the drinking of alcohol. In the late Middle Ages, coffee arrived in Europe thanks to the strength of Muslim trading networks. Coffee did not become popular in Europe until the Enlightenment. Nonetheless, Enlightenment Europeans celebrated coffee because it helped its consumers focus and filled them with energy-useful qualities in a culture that celebrated intelligence and careful thinking. The earliest “coffeehouses” were established in England, followed by France which had environments where discussions led to forming public opinion creating a unique bridge between the public and private worlds. Coffeehouses were public places where men could drink coffee and, more importantly, discuss art, politics, and philosophy. The pinnacle of success for Europe was when Europe’s coffeehouses served as the primary source of spreading news and functioning as the internet of the Age of Reason. Many of the key discoveries and milestones of the Age of Enlightenment played out in coffeehouses, from Newton’s laws of physics to the beginning of the French Revolution. To this day, coffee remains the drink of choice for intellectuals and creative thinkers. It persists as a drink which people meet to discuss, develop, and exchange ideas and information along with facilitating cooperation without the risk of the loss of

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