The Supreme Court ruled on June 28th that the 2nd Amendment's protection of the right to bear arms applies on state and city levels. The 5-4 decision along ideological lines echoed 2008's decision to strike down DC's handgun ban, citing the 14th Amendment as a major factor in the decision to extend the federal right to own a hand gun for personal protection down to local levels. Though it officially returned McDonald v. City of Chicago to the lower courts for a decision, it is expected that Chicago's 28 year old handgun ban will be overturned, and that legislation against handgun restrictions in other states will be legally challenged for years to come. During this project, I watched and reports about the Supreme Court's decision from television, online, and newspaper sources. I compared these reports with factual information about the ruling to help me analyze for bias.
This showed the people of Chicago that what really mattered wasn’t the buildings or the items the city held, but the people. If it hadn’t been for them then Chicago would still be in ruins from that terrible day. Works Cited "Did the Great Chicago Fire Really Start with Mrs. O'Leary's Cow?" HowStuffWorks. N.p., n.d.
Dredd Scott decision was handed down by the Supreme Court in 1857(Johnson). In the simplest terms this decision stripped US citizenship from any Negro, living in any state of existence, free or slave. Also Dredd Scott deemed the Missouri Compromise Unconstitutional (which is one cause of the South succeeding in 1863.) Almost thirty years later, and after the Emancipation Proclamation in1864, another enormously influential Supreme Court decision would be handed down. Plessy v. Ferguson was heard by the Supreme Court in 1896 that deemed it constitutional that those individual states could institute and enforce laws pertaining to the segregation of society using parameters of race and ethnicity.
In the article I found on CNN the sociological issue was discrimination. The NYPD used recruitment exams that discriminated against African-American and Hispanic individuals who applied. Nicholas Garaufis United States district judge, came to the conclusion that, the written tests that were being administered had “discriminatory effects and little relationship to the job of a firefighter.” Garaufis also says that the “examinations unfairly excluded hundreds of qualified people of color from the opportunity to serve as New York City firefighters,”. With that being said Garaufis ruled that the issue was employment discrimination towards African-Americans and Hispanics. When the ruling came in the lawsuit filed by the United States Department of Justice was against the city of New York.
(OYEZ, Inc., 2013) Facts of the Case: This is a case of age discrimination. On September 5, 2000, Harvey N. Levin was hired as an Illinois Assistant District Attorney, but was then terminated a little under six years later on May 12, 2006. Being that Levin was over the age of sixty, Levin believed this firing was due to his gender and age. To support Levin’s point, a female attorney in her thirties was hired as his replacement. This led to Levin suing, under the Age Discrimination Employment Act (ADEA), the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment and the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the State of Illinois, Lisa Madigan the Illinois Attorney General, and four other Attorney General employees.
1942: The congress of Racial Equality (CORE) is organized in Chicago. 1943: Race riots in Detroit and Harlem cause black leaders to ask their followers to be less demanding in asserting their commitment to civil rights; A. Philip Randolph breaks ranks to call for civil disobedience against Jim Crow schools and railroads. 1946: The Supreme Court, in Morgan v. The Commonwealth of Virginia, rules that state laws requiring racial segregation on buses violates the Constitution when applied to interstate passengers. 1947: Jackie Robinson breaks the color line in major league baseball. 1947: To Secure These Rights, the report by the President’s Committee on Civil Rights, is released; the commission, appointed by President Harry S. Truman, recommends government action to secure civil rights for all Americans.
In 1997, a Civil Rights lawsuit against the City of Atlanta was brought by Korean-American store owners about riots that took place in their business. Police watched the destruction and did nothing. The city's attorney argued that the Federal Civil Rights statues were written exclusively for the protection of African-Americans, not other minorities, including Korean-Americans. Atlanta's position in this matter was rejected by the United States Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals, but many are appalled that a city so involved in civil rights could hold such an insulting view against our "certain unalienable rights." Their view was not only discrimination against Korean-Americans, but against descendants of other minority groups residing, visiting or working around Atlanta.
An employer for the Louisville and Nashville Railroad Company, William Adair, violated the statute by firing O.B. Coppage for his participation in a labor organization. The court, in a 6 to 2 vote, held that the statute not only violated the due process clause of the Fifth Amendment, it also held that congress’s power over interstate commerce does not extend to memberships in unions. The court uses substantive due process to read into the Fifth Amendment the laborers and employers right to ‘liberty of contract,” which Justice Harlan points out by citing the similar ruling in Lochner. The court reads it as the right of individuals to enter into contracts to either purchase or sell labor, which the law violated by limiting the rights of both the employer and employee.
David Dellinger now 82 years old still protests to change the name of Columbus Day to Native American Day. John Froines is a professor at UCLA in the public health department. Thomas Hayden ironically was a delegate at the 1996 Democratic national convention and now stands a Californian senator. And Last Rennie Davis is a lecturists and venture capitalist manager. There is no simple answer to the whether or not the Chicago defendants meant to start a riot in Chicago in 1968.
Pera and Schwander were 18 and 19 years old, respectively, during the said attack. According to investigations, RISE, the terrorist group formed by the two suspects, were created to create the basis of the newly formed master race. The bacterial culture was prepared by Pera in Mayfair City College’s laboratory where deadly microorganisms are abundant. In fact, Pera used to work as a volunteer in St. Lukes Hospital but was terminated because of his attempt to acquire unauthorized chemicals (The Ledger, 1972). Although the attempt of contaminating the water supply failed because of the standard procedure followed by Chicago, it cannot be guaranteed that citizens will always be safe from water contamination.