Dementia and Alzheimer´s Disease

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1. Throughout this line of study, Alzheimer’s disease is a specific form of dementia. According to Alzheimer’s Association, dementia is a general term for a decline in mental ability that is severe enough to hinder daily life. Memory loss is a symptom of dementia and the most common type of dementia is Alzheimer’s. One of the most common and severe symptom of Alzheimer’s is difficulty remembering newly learned information. The changes of Alzheimer’s normally begin in the part of the brain that affects learning (Overview Alzheimer's Association). Some other symptoms of Alzheimer’s include gradual memory loss, the decline in capability to carry out everyday tasks and the loss of their language skills. According to Bialystok the rate of decline in cognitive functioning was significant in the Alzheimer’s disease group compared to Mild Cognitive Impairment during the study of bilingualism and how it is associated with a substantial delay in the onset of (AD) and (MCI) (Bialystok, 2014). Disorientation, mood and behavior changes, some confusion about past events are some severe symptoms. As Alzheimer’s worsens over time, the ability to get dressed or turn off the stove, are some examples of possible decline in ability to perform everyday tasks. Those who suffer with Alzheimer’s disease, could be forgetting to do things that they were supposed to do such as babysitting the children or how to get back home (V. Hill, Personal Communication, March 2014). Disorientation is another one of the symptoms of Alzheimer’s, which is having difficulty knowing the date, or what year they are in, or the location they are at. Alzheimer’s has no current cure, and it is a progressive disease, where dementia symptoms gradually worsen over a number of years... ... middle of paper ... ... new ways to detect those at risk of Alzheimer’s. The development of disease-modifying drugs continues, and genetic testing may be one day become a valuable tool to identify individuals who might get Alzheimer’s. Some treatment methods for individuals with Alzheimer’s disease are medications and behavioral interventions. The medications help decrease beta amyloid protein, and the cholinesterase inhibit the increase of acetylcholine. As well as the glutamate inhibiting less toxic effects of glutamate (V. Hill, Personal Communication, March 2014). An example of behavioral interventions is EIEIO framework and spaced retrieval. EIEIO stands for Explicit remembering, Implicit knowing, External planner, Internal imagery, and “O” how I remember. Spacing out the cognitive mind like a cumulative exam is usually helpful for those who are diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease.

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