During the preclinical stage of Alzheimer’s disease, people are asymptomatic, but unfortunately there are toxic changes taking place in the brain. Abnormal deposits of proteins form amyloid plaques and tau tangles throughout the brain, causing the once-healthy neurons to work less efficiently. Over time, neurons lose the ... ... middle of paper ... ...ww.alz.org/alzheimers_disease_4719.asp (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers/topics/causes (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers/topics/treatment (n.d.).
Confusion will be obvious in trying to remember where they are or what they are doing. When Alzheimer’s gets worse, the person will start to notice having trouble in speaking and will also have changes in mood and possibly weird movements. Also, symptoms of Alzheimer's is not recognizing familiar places, faces ... ... middle of paper ... ...can effect many people. It usually effects people that have had parents that have had Alzheimer's. It effects during the older onset between age 65 and older.
Dementia is the progressive deterioration and impairment of memory, reasoning, and other cognitive functions occurring as the result of a disease or condition. Dementia can affect the person’s ability to carry out daily activities. For example, the person may forget where they live or they might think they have already done their activities but never did. Dementia can also cause the elderly to become incontinent and can’t control their urinary system. Many people get confused that dementia is a disease.
There are ma... ... middle of paper ... ...s time in history. In Conclusion, Dementia is the progressive loss of cognitive function. People who suffer from this group of symptoms deal with memory loss, disorientation, and fluctuating feelings. The brain of a person who suffers from Dementia is different in many ways from a healthy brain. Dementia and Alzheimer’s disease take a toll on the brain causing shrinkage and tissue loss that accounts for the loss of brain function in some parts.
Dementia which is not a single disease is actually a broader term used for the grouping of diseases that all have common symptoms.  It is characterized by the worsening of basic functions to a point where it reduces a person’s abilities to perform everyday activities, such as recalling events or speaking. People diagnosed with dementia may also become unaware of where they are or get lost and confused with familiar places such as their own home. Although this is typical with the ageing process dementia significantly worsens these conditions. Dementia is composed of several diseases, the most prominent being Alzheimer’s disease.
This article also stated that Alzheimer’s disease gets worse over time and continues to progress for the rest of an elderly person's life. The purpose of this literature review is to review the different effects of the Alzheimer’s disease in elderly males and elderly females, and how it affects elderly females in a more severe way than it affects elderly males. What is Alzheimer’s Disease? Alzheimer’s disease is a brain disease that slowly destroys memory and thinking skills and, eventually, the ability to carry out the simplest tasks. It begins slowly, with almost no signs of having Alzheimer's disease and then progressively gets worse over time (NIA-NIH Alzheimer’s Disease Fact Sheet, 2012).
Dementia and Delirium are perplexing conditions both to differentiate and experience. Dementia is a progressive intellectual function and other cognitive skills decline condition which results to a decline in an individual’s performance of their daily activities. Unlike dementia, delirium also known as acute confusional state is an acute medical condition which results in confusion and other disruptions in a person’s thinking and behavior including attention, activity level and perception. It is very important to distinguish between the two conditions because, delirium can be found in a person that already has dementia. A study done by Fick and Mion (2008) indicated that, about 22% of adults with dementia develop delirium.
Alzheimers is a degenerative disease that usually begins gradually, causing a person to have memory lapses in both basic knowledge and simple tasks (7). Alzheimers disease causes the formation of abnormal structures in the brain called plaques and tangles (particularly causatory are NFTs- neurofibrillary tangles) (5). As they accumulate in affected individuals, nerve cell connections are reduced. Some initial symptoms are loss of job skills, difficulty with familiar tasks, language problems, unawareness of time and place, lack of good judgment, problems with abstract thinking, misplacing things, and dramatic changes in personality (1). The speed with which the disease progresses can vary, but ultimately, as it destroys brain cells, causes confusion, personality and behavior changes and impaired judgment so severe that the patient may not seem to be the same person.
The symptoms can cause more severe symptoms if ignored or untreated. Some caregivers may use denial or avoiding to push the emotions away. (Alzheimer 's Foundation of America - What is Dementia, 2016) Depression is commonly seen in caregivers of Dementia clients. Depression is able to break the spirit of coping with the anxiety and stress that comes from caregiving. There is a link between that greater levels of caregiver burden and depression.
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia. It is an age related, nonreversible brain disorder that develops over a period of time. People with Alzheimer’s often feel confused and lost. Also, their cognitive abilities b... ... middle of paper ... ...e effects of vitamin E and one of the drugs currently approved for Alzheimer’s, in preventing the development of the disease in people diagnosed with mild cognitive disabilities. Another research trial are examining the effectiveness of naproxen and celecoxib in reducing Alzheimer’s risk in a person who has a family history of Alzheimer’s or dementia.