Most supporters of the death penalty feel that offenders should be punished for their crimes, and that it does not matter whether it will deter the crime rate. Supporters of the death penalty are in favour of making examples out of offenders, and that the threat of death will be enough to deter the crime rate, but the crime rate is irrelevant. According to Isaac Ehrlich's study, published on April 16, 1976, eight murders are deterred for each execution that is carried out in the U.S.A. He goes on to say, "If one execution of a guilty capital murderer deters the murder of one innocent life, the execution is justified." To most supporters of the death penalty, like Ehrlich, if even 1 life is saved, for countless executions of the guilty, it is a good reason for the death penalty.
"Hit men" and other murderers who plan their crimes beforehand, intend and expect to avoid punishment altogether by not getting caught. Law enforcement officials know that the death penalty is not a deterrent. Imposing the death penalty more often was thought to be cost-effective by only 29% of 386 randomly selected U.S. police chiefs polled by Peter D. Hart Research Associates in 1995. States that have death p... ... middle of paper ... ...ily as an alternative to the death penalty(Death). In 45 states, laws allow life sentences for murder that severely limit or eliminate the possibility of parole.
I think both the arguments are convincing, but Bedau’s argument has statistics to back up his logic. I believe the death penalty would be acceptable if there was no alternative, but since we can keep convicts in jail for life there is no need for the death penalty. Ernest Haag believes that criminal punishment is has a more deterrent effect on crime than life imprisonment can. He states that,” Science, logic or statistics have often been unable to prove what common sense ells us to be true”(355). I agree that you can’t directly measure deterrent, but you can measure plenty of other factors.
There is no question that killing another person is the most atrocious criminal act that one can commit. I am not sure why, but it seems that the United States government is being hypocritical when it says that capital punishment is acceptable because a criminal did murder an innocent victim, and therefore should be killed (Philips, 2013). This is rule is known as the "eye-for-an-eye, and tooth-for-a- tooth theory." Of course, if we used this system all the time, there would be no need for laws. A second argument that some people use to support capital punishment is that the fear of being given the death penalty is going to stop criminals from murdering.
"(2011) Furthermore, the latest FBI uniform crime statistics confirms that capital punishment does not have any effect on stopping future criminals and it does not prevent any kind of unlawful act. As a matter of fact they show the states that practice the death penalty have consistently higher murder r... ... middle of paper ... ...ime, it is a system with flaws and cannot be justified. Furthermore, it does not decrease crime rate, it is costly, unstable, and it violates human rights. It is a shame that the United States continue to use such a hypocritical and barbaric punishment that does not follow our nations promises such as liberty and justice for all. The death penalty is incorrect and wrong for anyone involved in it since innocent people have been prosecuted in the past.
Supporters also argue that the death penalty is a necessary deterrent to saving innocent lives (Pro-Death Penalty, 2014). Based on my research of this issue I tend to agree with the death penalty advocates and believe that execution is the appropriate sentence and punishment for capital offenses. There are six main rationales for abolishing the practice of capital punishment that are commonly heard. One reason is that capital punishment does not deter crime. Anti-death penalty advocates contend that scientific studies consistently fail to demonstrate that executions discourage people from committing crime (Death Penalty Focus, 2015).
Recently in the United States, there has been 875 prisoners executed, but not one has been proven innocent. The death penalty provides justice to the families involved in the worst crimes (Jacoby). “The execution of a murderer sends a powerful moral message: that the innocent life he t... ... middle of paper ... ...es, but we do not tear the lighthouse down’” (qtd. by Sharp “Death Penalty Paper”). We believe that the death penalty should be enforced because it can be used as a way to put fear into criminals and decrease the murder rate throughout the world.
For some of them, the key to stop violence and murder is to destroy the source of the problem in which the criminal is the root of it and the perfect tool to accomplish this is by using the death penalty. The death penalty shouldn’t exist, it brings nothing but pain and it is a sure way of putting the morality among human beings down. The death penalty is a structure for the government to stop crime and violence for good, however; it is not having a significant impact in reducing or even stopping the crimes at all. In 2004, the murder rate in the US was 5.71 per 100,000 people of the population as against 4.02 per 100,000 in states that did not use it (amnesty). Even with death penalty, crime rates in some states are still high even with death penalty and there is no gu... ... middle of paper ... ...making them question the strength of the government to make tough decisions in whether the criminals should live or die by the death penalty.
It is proven that the death penalty does not deter persons from committing murder, nor does it serve as an example of the consequences of capital crimes to society. Furthermore, it is impossible to guarantee that the criminal justice system will not discriminate, or execute the innocent. And above all, the methods of execution are horrifying and barbaric, as well as devaluing of human life. We must realize that the life of a murderer is worth just as much as the life of the victim. The most widely used argument in support of capital punishment is that the consequence of execution influences criminal behavior more effectively than imprisonment does (Amnesty International).
In his article “Execution Saves Innocents…” Jacoby claims the death penalty may not be applied one hundred percent infallibly, but that the death penalty is still the most accurately administered criminal sanction. Jacoby first states that mistakes in the death penalty may occur, but “no worthwhile human endeavor is utterly foolproof”. He then states that capital punishment is the best possible way to seek justice for victims of heinous crimes, and that execution sends a “powerful moral message”. Jacoby also states that, “When a vicious killer is sent to the electric chair or strapped onto a gurney for a lethal injection, society is condemning his crime with a seriousness and intensity that no other punishment achieves. By contrast, a society that sentences killers to nothing worse than prison -- no matter how depraved the killing or how innocent the victim -- is a society that doesn 't really think murder is so terrible”.