modernists used American literature differently to depict the role of women in society. While male modernists such as F. Scott Fitzgerald in The Great Gatsby and T.S. Elliot in The Wasteland often maintained a minor and feminine view of female characters centered on domestic ideals despite the changing depictions of the “new woman,” female modernists such as Charlotte Perkins Gilman in The Yellow Wallpaper chose to focus on the autonomy and freedom that women were slowly gaining or were trying to obtain.
Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s short story, “The Yellow Wallpaper,” the main character is also the narrator of the story, and her name is unknown. The story is written in diary format and the narrator is giving personal accounts about her experience battling depression, her marriage to her “rational” husband John who is also her physician, and her inability to express herself. The narrator is very imaginative and being confined to a large room with the yellow wall paper causes her to battle with reality. She