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Creating a Culture of Learning

Powerful Essays
Introduction

Education in the United States has changed over the last 60 years. It started with President Eisenhower making sure Brown v. Board of Education was enforced. Next, the National Defense Education Act in 1858 was passed to improve math and science. In 1965 Elementary and Secondary Education Act was passed to help the poor succeed in school. Finally, in 2002, President Bush signed into law the No Child left Behind Act (NCLB) (Robbins & Alvy, 2009, pg. 7). The NCLB change the way schools look at student achievement. One of the biggest changes was all teachers and schools are held accountable for student learning (Robbins & Alvy, 2009, pg. 7). Schools are now graded and labeled. Teachers and schools must close the achievement gap among the different groups of students (Robbins & Alvy, 2009, pg. 7). High-stakes tests measure schools, district, and student’s success (Robbins & Alvy, 2009, pg. 7). NCLB has made schools look at better ways to teach students. Schools have turned to using research based teaching practices. Schools are now using data to guide instruction. How does a school effectively assess students to increases student achievement? How does a school use this data to guide curriculum development? This paper will look at the importance of assessment in P-12 schools to improve student achievement. In this paper a critical analysis of backward design and its effect on student achievement. A critical analysis of fact-based practices that teacher can use now to improve student achievement will be discussed. Finally, a discussion of the challenges a teachers will face when creating a culture of learning.

Backward Design

Baldrige (2012), states highly effective schools uses assessment data to improve proce...

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...ive school culture is a must if the education system in America is going to see real reform.

Works Cited

Baldrige National Quality Program (2007). Education criteria for performance excellence.

Retrieved from http://baldrige.nist.gov/PDF_files/2007_Education_Criteria.pdf

Marzano, R. J., Pickering, D. J., & Pollock, J. E. (2001). Classroom instruction that

works. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.

McTighe, J., Seif, E., & Wiggins, G. (2004). You can teach for meaning. Educational

Leadership, 62(1), 26-31.

Robbins, P. & Alvy, H. B. (2009). The principal’s companion (3rd Ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA:

Corwin a Sage Company.

Waters, T. J., Marzano, R. J., & McNulty, B. (2004). Leadership that sparks learning.

Educational Leadership, 61(7), 48-51.

Wiggins, G., McTighe, J. (2005). Understanding by design. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.
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