Contrast Between The 1920's And The 1930's

explanatory Essay
1940 words
1940 words

The 1920s were known as carefree and relaxed. The decade after the war was one of improvement for many Americans. Industries were still standing in America; they were actually richer and more powerful than before World War I. So what was so different in the 1930’s? The Great Depression replaced those carefree years into ones of turmoil and despair.

The decade after the First World War saw tremendous change. Progressivism was a leading factor of World War I and in the 1920’s the evidence can be seen. Industries were making their products at an increasing rate. Products that were not populous before World War I were now used by millions of Americans. The automobile was only used by less than ten million of Americans and by the end of this post war decade that number has climbed to over thirty million. Also many new inventions were coming through making life for Americans much more comfortable. Radios, vacuum cleaners, irons, washing machines, and refrigerators were among the new necessities Americans just had to have.

Refrigerators allowed for better production and transportation of food products. This allowed for the ability to keep food cold and fresh thus making exporting of food a valuable agricultural economy.

America was on fire during the period of excitement. These new inventions were making home life easier for women and more enjoyable for the men. Not only were American families buying these new trinkets but they also started purchasing stock in companies at an increased rate. A commodity that was available before the war but not readily accessed, now became as high as seven million Americans buying and owning company stock after the First World War. With the purchase of automobiles, washing machines, and stock families were still not making enough to keep up. Even though the wage market had increased, the need for fancy things made it almost impossible for a family to have enough money left over to survive. This demand for the goods but not enough money produced a technique used by manufactures to bring in more customers, consumer credit. Today this method of shopping is used by every American everywhere at some point in their lives. Consumer credit is what is known today as a payment plan. A buying strategy that we all use today, payments, actually came about in the decade after World War I.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the 1920s were known as carefree and relaxed. the decade after the war was one of improvement for many americans.
  • Explains that the decade after the first world war saw tremendous change. progressivism was a leading factor of world war i and in the 1920's the evidence can be seen.
  • Explains that refrigeration allowed for better production and transportation of food products, making exporting food a valuable agricultural economy.
  • Explains that america was on fire during the period of excitement, with new inventions making life easier for women and men.
  • Explains that the word "flapper" was used to describe the new modern woman. women's movement during world war i helped launch women into a new era.
  • Explains that the labor force was reaping the benefits of the union strikes during the first world war and the demands that increased wages for workers.
  • Explains that the 1920's sounded like a time of peace and relaxation after war and mayhem. this era of triumph was shaken with the great depression of the 1930’s. in the next decade to come, many changes will take place.
  • Explains that the stock market took a dive on october 29, 1929, losing over fourteen million dollars in that one day alone. depression grew bleak as unemployment rates soared and hopes of credit were dashed.
  • Explains that president hoover made deals to help alleviate foreign loans, but did not give money to feed those dying of starvation. franklin delano roosevelt became president and brought americans the first ray of hope that the gloomy days might be ending soon.
  • Explains that president roosevelt brought about the emergency banking act and the economy act shortly after his inauguration. the eba gave federal loans to bankers allowing them to open their doors again.
  • Explains that president roosevelt's new deal plan didn't end there. the agricultural adjustment administration paid farmers to retain a part of their land and not cultivate it for crops.
  • Explains that roosevelt put himself in the middle of people advocating that the new deal did aid large corporations and that new programs needed to be set up to help the poor and the hungry.
  • Explains that the great depression affected everyone from every race. europeans were benefitting in the 1920’s but they were still to be discriminated against.
  • Explains that the 1920's were filled with merriment, not dread, but with fun. the fun times quickly changed to worrisome days after black tuesday.
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