Concussions in Sports

explanatory Essay
845 words
845 words

Junior Seau was one of the best middle linebackers in the NFL during his 20 playing years, amassing over 1,500 tackles, and delivering an insurmountable number of hits. In 2011, shortly after retiring, he abruptly committed suicide by shooting himself. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) conducted a study on Seau’s brain and diagnosed him with Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE), a degenerative brain disease caused by repeated head trauma (Pilon and Belson). Seau is among countless other former players whose careers’ of playing football changed their lives forever. Former quarterback Terry Bradshaw told USA Today about how poor his mental health has become. He says, “I couldn’t focus and remember things, and I was dealing with depression” (Breslow, “NFL Concussions: The 2013-14 Season in Review”). Seau’s death and Bradshaw’s decline link to a growing epidemic in today’s sports: concussions. Recently, concussions increased in contact sports, specifically football (Breslow, “What We’ve Learned from Two Years of Tracking Concussions”). This increase, along with better awareness and pressure from lawsuits and the media, led to research for better concussion diagnostic technology and rule changes in football. Concussions and the effects associated with them forced football to evolve, for the better. A concussion is “a brain injury caused by a force to the head or direct force to the face, neck or chest” (“Comprehensive Concussion Center”). These traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) frequently occur in contact sports. Andrew E. Lincoln’s research on concussion incidence in high school showed concussions consistently increased in these sports, but most notably football. His study also showed, “Concussions increased 4.2 fold over th... ... middle of paper ... ...E., et al. "Trends in Concussion Indidence in High School Sports." American Journal of Sports Medicine. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 29 Jan. 2011. Web. 12 May 2014. . "New NFL Rules Designed to Limit Head Injuries." National Football League, 6 Aug. 2010. Web. 13 May 2014. . Pilon, Mary, and Ken Belson. "Junior Seau's Death Classified as a Suicide." New York Times. New York Times, 10 Jan. 2013. Web. 18 May 2014. . Vrentas, Jenny. "Where the Game Is Headed." The MMQB with Peter King. Time, 25 Oct. 2013. Web. 19 May 2014. .

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that junior seau was one of the best middle linebackers in the nfl during his 20 playing years. his death and bradshaw's decline link to a growing epidemic in today’s sports: concussions
  • Explains that concussions are traumatic brain injuries caused by a force to the head or direct force on the face, neck or chest. the nfl and the world of sports paid attention to this alarming trend.
  • Explains that media and the lawsuit by former nfl players put even more pressure on the nfl to act on concussion epidemic. former players, a congressional committee, and even president obama are active in speaking out against the league.
  • Explains that these factors led to several rule changes in the nfl aimed to limit head injuries and helmet-to-helmet contact in football, along with research in new technology in helmets and the science behind concussions.
  • Explains that sports leagues, athletes talk concussions with dc lawmakers, and belson, ken.
  • Explains breslow, jason m., "nfl concussions: the 2013-14 season in review." wgbh educational foundation.
  • Explains what they've learned from two years of tracking nfl concussions.
  • Explains the comprehensive concussion center at jefferson university hospitals.
  • Explains dekosky, steven t., milos d. ikonomovic, and sam gandy, "traumatic brain injury- football, warfare and long-term effects."
  • Describes trends in concussion indence in high school sports in the american journal of sports medicine.
  • Explains that "new nfl rules designed to limit head injuries." the national football league.
  • States pilon, mary, and ken belson, "junior seau's death classified as a suicide."
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