Comparison of Christianity and Judaism: Catholicism Stems from Judaism

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When Judaism and Catholicism are mentioned, there is a general misconception that they are very similar religions when in fact Judaism is a predecessor from which Catholicism took its early foundations, but altered in its main belief as time progressed. In the progressive timeline, Judaism originated around 1300 BC. From this religion, Christianity was formed as a new religion stemming from Judaism around 35 AD, and Catholicism being a branch of Christianity formed its identity as a distinct branch of Christianity years later around 65 AD. Thus, Catholicism is a branch of Christianity, which stems from Judaism, and analogously Judaism can be thought of being a tree, Christianity a red apple and Catholicism is a cross-fertilized green-red apple being that the seeds of the early foundations of Catholicism stemmed from Judaism and Christianity, but it has its own unique identity.

Because Judaism is such a complex religion, there is no formal set of beliefs or rules that establish one as a Jew. The closest that anyone has ever come to generating a widely accepted list of Jewish beliefs is Rambam's thirteen principles of faith.
They basically state that God exists, is one and unique, incorporeal, and eternal. The book of faith is the one and only Torah, both written and oral; the Written Torah is the first 5 books of the Bible and the Oral Torah are teachings contained in the Talmud and other writings. One must pray to God and only God, he knows the thoughts and deeds of men and will reward the good and punish the wicked. The messiah will come and the dead will be resurrected. Lastly, the words of the prophets are completely true and the greatest prophet, Moses, has prophecies that are believed true.
Because Catholicism is d...

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... practice. Hanukkah traditions include lighting a candle on the menorah after saying a blessing to God every night for eight nights, playing the spinning the dreidel game and eating fried foods such as potato latkes and sufganiyot to celebrate the miracle of oil.

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Rich, Tracy R. "Judaism 101: What Do Jews Believe?" Judaism 101: What Do Jews Believe? Judaism 101, 1997. Web. 19 Apr. 2014.
"Shabbat: What Is Shabbat?" What Is Shabbat (Jewish Sabbath)? Encyclopedia Judaica, 2008. Web. 21 Apr. 2014.

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