Comparison Of Perugino And Caravaggio

analytical Essay
1317 words
1317 words

The artists of the Baroque had a remarkably different style than artists of the Renaissance due to their different approach to form, space, and composition. This extreme differentiation in style resulted in a very different treatment of narrative. Perhaps this drastic stylistic difference between the Renaissance and Baroque in their treatment of form, space, and composition and how these characteristics effect the narrative of a painting cannot be seen more than in comparing Perugino’s Christ Delivering the Keys of the Kingdom to St. Peter from the Early Renaissance to Caravaggio’s Conversion of St. Paul from the Baroque.Perugino was one of the greatest masters of the Early Renaissance whose style ischaracterized by the Renaissance ideals of purity, simplicity, and exceptional symmetry of composition. His approach to form in Christ Delivering the Keys of the Kingdom to St.Peter was very linear. He outlined all the figures with a black line giving them a sense of stability, permanence, and power in their environment, but restricting the figures’ sense of movement. In fact, the figures seem to not move at all, but rather are merely locked at a specific moment in time by their rigid outline. Perugino’s approach to the figures’themselves is extremely humanistic and classical. He shines light on the figures in a clear, even way, keeping with the rational and uncluttered meaning of the work. His figures are all locked in a contrapposto pose engaging in intellectual conversation with their neighbor, giving a strong sense of classical rationality. The figures are repeated over and over such as this to convey a rational response and to show the viewer clarity. Perugino’s approach to space was also very rational and simple. He organizes space along three simple planes: foreground, middle ground, and background. Christ and Saint Peter occupy the center foreground and solemn choruses of saints and citizens occupy the rest of the foreground. The middle distance is filled with miscellaneous figures, which complement the front group, emphasizing its density and order, by their scattered arrangement. Buildings from the Renaissance and triumphal arches from Roman antiquity occupy the background, reinforcing the overall classical message to the painting even though the event represented in the painting took place long before the Roman Empire. The center temple that occupies the background has a vanishing point running through its doorway and if it weren’t for this illusionistic technique, the painting would be very two-dimensional.

In this essay, the author

  • Compares perugino's christ delivering the keys of the kingdom to st. peter from the early renaissance to caravaggio’s conversion of st
  • Analyzes how perugino's compositional triangle gives clarity, static balance, and symmetrical order to the painting.
  • Analyzes how perugino paints beauty through simple geometric forms, static balance, and clear lighting. caravaggio's dramatic break from the italian renaissance yields a completely different treatment of narrative.
  • Analyzes how caravaggio abandons static style and implies movement by using paint to create an image and not rigid outlines. the strong, vibrant, and emotional figures convey the opposite message of classical, passive figures.
  • Analyzes caravaggio's breakthrough in art, which added great emotional effects and mystery to the art. he doesn't light paul with a clear even light like perugino would have.
  • Analyzes how caravaggio creates receding space by an implied vanishing point rather than the one that perugino gives the observer.
  • Analyzes how caravaggio brought new life and immediacy to the emotional aspect of painting. he abandoned the rules of renaissance artists like perugino that idealized the human and religious experience.
  • Opines that perugino's art was the art of classical persuasion, but caravaggio’s was heightened by a variety of forms, recession of space, and tenebrism.
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