Charles I and His Execution

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Charles I and His Execution In order to consider whether Charles the first was responsible for his execution it is important to explore a number of different issues. Some of the factors could were under Charles' control, others were unavoidable. The factors that were under his control include, most importantly, his policies that eventually led to disagreements with Parliament. However his involvement in the English Civil War was also important as was his relationship with parliament, the popularity of the monarch at the time and his strong belief in Divine Right. The factors that might be considered not under his control might be Oliver Cromwell, who was determined to bring Charles to trial. To start with the most important factor which the nature of Charles' policies and why they were so unpopular. Charles had had many bad relations with other European countries such as Spain and France. Feelings towards Spain were already strained because of the Spanish Armada that had taken place in 1588. From 1625 to 1629 his policies mainly consisted of trying to bring in money for the wars he was currently fighting. He tried to impose heavy taxes, but parliament refused to finance his wars until he dismissed the Duke of Buckingham. Charles also had married Henrietta Maria, a Catholic French Princess, and so had brought her Catholic friends and courtiers with her. Parliament were afraid of Charles bringing a Catholic influence into the country and also Charles was not as harsh on the Catholics as his predecessors had been. Charles finally dismissed Parliament in 1629 after long and bitter arguments and they were not allowed to meet ... ... middle of paper ... ...p as one of the charges against the King in his trial. His unshaken belief in the Divine Right then led to what seemed like arrogance crossed with bravery at his trial, it is hard to judge whether he really was trying to be a proud and brave king or he that was being too arrogant to see that he could have prevented his death. If he had not treated the court with the contempt that he did then he might have lived. The only thing he could not have done anything about was Oliver Cromwell, but even then Cromwell might have tried to negotiate with Charles and agreed to abdicate. Then again, it may be possible that Charles knew that if he was executed then people would not agree with it and what he meant by the quote above was that it would not be long until the monarch will come back because that is what the people want.

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