Pym stated that the parties at fault should be dismissed and replaced with people approved by Parliament. Charles attempted to impeach Pym and others, but word of his plans leaked out and the individuals got away. This was the beginning of conflicts between Parliament and the King and although discussions between the two groups went on until March of 1641, war was inevitable. When the war began, it was clear that the King held the upper hand. However, after four years of fighting (1642 - 1646), Parliament em... ... middle of paper ... ...igions emerged and formed and the Monarchy was completely dissolved only to be revived again by the winners of the war- Parliament.
Events such as these nurtured a hate for the capital in Louis XIV and destroyed his childhood. Rebirth of a Nation In March 1661, after the cardinal’s death, Louis XIV assumed control of the government. Seeing the people’s yearning for law and order in the country, Louis started a 7 year struggle against corruption and a long path to administrative and fiscal reforms. His first step was to rule without chief minister. This unprecedented move was all too well thought over and it is said that... ... middle of paper ... ...triumphant and captured the Spanish Netherlands without so much as a hiccup.
Charlemagne Charlemagne, also known as Charles the Great, became the undisputed ruler of Western Europe, “By the sword and the cross.” (Compton’s 346) As Western Europe was deteriorating Charlemagne was crowned the privilege of being joint king of the Franks in 768 A.D. People of Western Europe, excluding the church followers, had all but forgotten the great gifts of education and arts that they had possessed at one time. Charlemagne solidly defeated barbarians and kings in identical fashion during his reign. Using the re-establishment of education and order, Charlemagne was able to save many political rights and restore culture in Western Europe. Early Life Charlemagne was born in 742 A.D., to a very famous and well-known family. Charlemagne’s grandfather was Charles Martel, the man who was responsible for the defeat of the Saracens.
This lack of unity made them vulnerable to enemies as well as conflict from within. Bullough points out that the loyalty of a warrior or subject to his chosen leader was not a light matter. The author does not contrast that concept of loyalty however, with our present ideas of loyalty to the homeland or institution. “The apprenticeship of a King” describes how Charlemagne gained power through conquest and diplomacy. In 768, King Pippin died and his kingdom was divided between his two sons.
To much dismay, Alias died before marrying John, leaving him without any land once again. The broken relationship Between Henry the Young King and Henry II led to John’s elder s... ... middle of paper ... ...er John’s failed attempt at reclaiming Normandy, the baron’s had the final straw. John caught wind of a coup and did everything he could to stop it, from buying time to gain papal support, to declaring himself a crusader in hopes of gaining political protection. None of this worked, and the baron’s “Army of God,” marched on London, taking cities as they advanced. John was forced to negotiate peace talks, as more of his royalists left to join the barons.
Court life itself reflected shift. Elizabeth aslo began enforcing greater fines for not attending church each week from a few shillings to several pounds. Though no documents in Elizabeth’s handwriting survives to tell whether she truly believed in the Protestant faith as staunchly as projected by her governmental ministers and policies, one thing is certain, when King Phillip attempted to invade England with the Spanish Armada, Elizabeth was further turned from Catholicism. In 1588, when King Phillip II launched an attack that, logically, should have decimated the English fleet, known as the Spanish Armada, he justified it by citing the Papal Bull that excommunicated Elizabeth in 1570.
Norfolk for life and Henry for 10 years with a proviso that he would be allowed to inherit from his father. But on the death of John of Gaunt in 1399, the Lancastrian estates were confiscated by the King, and Henry decided to return, seemingly to claim his promised inheritance. 	Taking advantage of the King’s absence in Ireland, Henry landed on July 4, 1399, at Ravenspur, near Bridington, where he was soon joined by the northern nobles who were unhappy with the policies of the monarchy. By the end of the month Henry and his followers had raised an army and marched to Bristol. When Richard returned in August, the royal army started to desert; Henry claimed the throne for himself, and on August 19 he captured Richard near Conway.
The divided rule was short lived, ○“Carloman had succumbed to disease after ruling two years in common with his brother, at his death Charles was unanimously elected King of the Franks” (Einhard 27). By the time Charlemagne was elected King of the Franks, his country had already occupied the majority of France, all of the Netherlands, and Belgium, most of Switzerland, and a sizeable portion of Germany. During his reign of forty-seven years he added even more territories including: Saxony, Bavaria, parts of Austria, the Kingdom of Lombardy, and the Spanish March, which was in the Pyrenees along the French border. During his reign Charlemagne managed to amass a kingdom that became the largest in the history of Western Europe, after the collapse of the Roman Empire. After Pope Leo III called on Charlemagne for assistance after being brutalized by the Romans, ○“Charles accordingly went to Rome, to sent in order the affairs of the Church, which were in great confusion, and passed the whole winter there” (Einhard 56).
The reign of Charlemagne was full of wars and invasions. Charlemagne became king of half of the Frankish empire while the other half was given to his brother, Carloman. When Pepin died, there was a void that needed filling and Charles and his brother were both made kings by the Frankish people. This division was not peaceful and the reign was marked with each brother fighting for the other’s land and power. When Carloman died and his wife Gerberga fled to Italy, Charlemagne became king of both halves of the Frankish kingdom.
Henry VIII wanted a male to take over his throne so when he felt his time was running out, Henry VIII needed to divorce his Queen at that time but the Catholic Church wouldn’t allow this. He separated from the church and brought England with him. He turned England into a Protestant nation. Needless to say people were confused and had to make huge adjustments. At the beginning of Elizabeth’s reign there was confusion.