Change: The Seed of Evolution

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The moment when an answer to a question from three weeks ago is suddenly realized is known as an epiphany--a sudden understanding of the nature to an idea or quandary, usually attained through something simple and, sometimes, unassociated (“Epiphany”). Authors often use this device not only to convey a realization on the part of their character, but also to allude to an internal message (“Epiphany”). James Joyce employed this device in many of his works in hopes of revealing to his Irish peers the low esteem of their conduct (Bulson 33). James Joyce was born in Ireland to a borderline destitute/middle-class family. After his graduation from the University College, he moved to Paris to study medicine only to be called back to Dublin to care for his mother during her last days (O’Conner). He remained in his home country for a year, publishing short stories in “The Irish Homestead” newspaper (O’Conner). Joyce was a failure at many different occupations: teaching, journalism, and accounting; however, he is one of the few authors to have known success in his own lifetime (Bulson 17). Living in the 1910s era, which found pride in formal diction and savvy language, Joyce found many publishers were wary of his work, which pushed the social limits with bitter language and brash subjects (Bulson 18). Bulson quotes Joyce’s argument with publishers as he refused to grant their wishes of revision, “I seriously believe that you will retard the course of civilization in Ireland by preventing the Irish people from having one good look at themselves in my nicely polished mirror” (33). This was his attitude towards the eventually published collection of short stories, Dubliners, confirming the beginning of modern literature. Dubliners is a coll... ... middle of paper ... ... Ellmann. Vol. 2. New York: Viking Press, 1975. O’Connor, Kate. ed. A Brief Biography of James Joyce. 2011. The James Joyce Centre. 27 February 2011 . Rapp, Eric. "The Dead." Short Stories for Students. Detroit: Gale, 2002. Literature Resources from Gale. Web. 27 February 2011. Richard, Cicely. “Literary analysis: The role of epiphany in the stories of James Joyce.” Helium: . Schoenberg, Thomas J. ed. "Araby, James Joyce - Introduction." Short Story Criticism. Vol. 42. Gale Cengage, 2006. eNotes.com. 2006. 27 February 2011. Smith, Nicole. “Analysis and Summary of “Eveline” in Dubliners by James Joyce.” Article Myriad. 2010: N. page.

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