Herring, Philip F. “‘Dubliners’: The Trials Of Adolescence In James Joyce: A Collection of Critical Essays.” Ed. Mary T. Reynold. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, Inc. (1993): 67-80. Print. Kelly, Joseph.
12: Wirth-Nesher, Hana, 'Reading Joyce's City: Public Space, Self and Gender in Dubliners' in James Joyce: The Augmented Ninth, ed. Bernard Benstock; Syracuse Press (1988), p.282. 13: Brooks, Cleanth, 'The Formalist Critics' in Literary Theory: An Anthology (Second Edition), ed. Julie Rivkin and Michael Ryan, Blackwell Publishing (2004), p.24. 14: Levin, Harry, James Joyce: A Critical Introduction, Norfolk Conn.: New Directions, (1941), 198.
Rudyard Kipling, Joseph Conrad and Colonialism. 2007. Web. 28th April. 2011
The events of the Rising initiated a metamorphosis in Yeats. 'Easter 1916' shows how Yeats (usually not supportive of violence as a political movement) credited it with achieving something (Macrae 77). This poem enables us to see that Yeats' strong belief in politics is beginning to diminish. The last poem 'Under Ben Bulben' was written in Yeats' later stage of life. It shows how Yeats has transposed his treatment of Irish concerns over time, as now, in this poem he places the responsibility not upon the politician or the martyr, but on academia and literature to invoke the new Ireland.
He wrote the poem after the death of his friend Arthur Henry Hallam, which affected him deeply and changed the way he thought. To begin to understand this, Glenn Everett will provide a little background. “He and Tennyson knew each other only four years, but their intense friendship had major influence on the poet. On a visit to Somersby, Hallam met and later became engaged to Emily Tennyson, and the two friends looked forward to a life-long companionship. Hallam's death from illness in 1833 (he was only 22) shocked Tennyson profoundly, and his grief lead to most of his best poetry.” So knowing this, what is it that makes this poem so great?
Commentary 127.1 (2009): 42+. Literature Resources from Gale. Web. 7 Dec. 2010.
Literary Resource Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013 Shakespeare, William "Hamlet" The Norton Introduction to Literature. Shorter 11th ed.