In 1814, the coalition invaded France. Napoleon tried to take advantage of the distance between the armies approaching Paris by picking them off one by one, but was eventually outnumbered. Napoleon gave up his rule and was exiled to the island of Elba, and giving small amounts of governmental power there. Louis XVII took the crown of France. Aware of the French peoples dissatisfaction with Louis XVII's rule, Napoleon returned to France in 1815.
In the early 19th century a man by the name of Napoleon Bonaparte led a Coup D’etat that created a new government in France. This new government started out with a tribunal leadership, which Napoleon was first consul, and later changed to an empire with Napoleon as emperor. Some people believe that he made the revolution better and expanded the revolution but this is not true. The facts, when closely looked at, prove that Napoleon effectively destroyed the revolution by telling the people of his country one thing while he was actually planning on doing something totally different. He deceived people so well that he is still convincing people today that he was a defender of the revolution.
The victory at the Battle of the Pyramids gave French control of Cairo, but the naval defeat at Aboukir Bay isolated the expedition from France. After some unsuccessful campaigning in Syria, he departed by ship with a small group of friends and sailed to France, abandoning his Army. In 1799, public sentiment had swung against the government, and following the coup d'etat de Brumaire, Napoleon became the defacto ruler of France. The country was still at war however, and after a dramatic crossing of the Alps, Napoleon defeated the Austrians at the battle of Marengo on 14 June 1800. This victory solidified his reputation of invincibility, and combined with other successes, led to a general peace.
Napoleon’s problems were not just condensed in one area; they were spread out over the world... ... middle of paper ... ...leon deserted what was left of his army and rushed back to Paris when he heard of this. People who had once supported Napoleon’s rule, had gathered to get rid of it. Prussia cut its allegiance with Napoleon and signed a treaty with the tsar; Britain, Sweden, and Austria joined them, they were doing what was best for their country. Then on August 10, 1813 war was declared by Austria to make sure Austria was on the winning side to protect itself. The fall of Napoleon’s empire was caused by nationalism and his own greedy intentions.
When civil war started in 1793 in Corsica, the Bonaparte ... ... middle of paper ... ...rendered to enemy forces without a fight. Napoleon faced massive betrayal and impossible military odds, so he gave up his title of Emperor of France, and he was exiled to the Island of Elba. Napoleon, bored and aware of the continuing discontent in France, made an amazing return to power in 1815. He Traveled to France in secret, and attracted vast support and reclaimed his throne. He also reorganized the army and government.
He completed his school time with ease, taking only a year to do what everyone else had to do in three. Napoleon was considered a hero for what he did for France by the way he ruled and sought out justice for his country. The revolution affected Napoleon by causing opportunities for Napoleon to quickly move up the chain of command until he was a general at the age of twenty four. He ended the revolution in 1799 and was then named "France's first Consul" by 1800. Although he was considered a dictator, he ended the French Revolution which compromised of violent, pointless death that came with the Terror and then the Great Terror.
Spain tried to smuggle goods into the continental system so Napoleon invaded Spain again. Britain helped form a coalition with Spain. France was unable to take control of Moscow because the Russians destroyed the city. France was defeated and in 1814 all of Europe went against Napoleon, who was finally defeated in 1815 by the other European monarchs who restored the bourbons to power. A coalition was formed and it exiled Napoleon to Elba.
He was not happy and wanted more power, so he went after the rest of Europe, but had settled with many treaties. Those treaties had put France at peace with all of Europe. Then in 1803, war broke out again in Europe, and Britain allied with the other countries of Europe to fight against France. "Napoleon brought those European countries to their knees and forced them to sign humiliating treaties, and now, Britain was the only country left not under Napoleon’s rule." One of Napoleon’s few bad campaigns was when he went into Russia, and instead of the Russians just letting the French capture them, they used guerrilla tactics and also the weather, to fight France.
But by 1799, the dishonesty of the Directory along with the dwindling war effort against the Second Coalition left the government open for assaults. Napoleon was put in control of the military on November 9, 1799. The next day, he and his military took control by overtaking the government, which then decided to end the Directory. The Directory was swapped with three consuls, and Napoleon was elected First Consul. With the government in disorder, Napoleon launched a successful coup d’ et... ... middle of paper ... ... European leaders at the Congress of Vienna tried to reestablish order and reestablish peace.