Around 1900 the situation for blacks was dire. They suffered extreme discrimination and were frequently the victims of violence in the South. Blacks could not vote and their career opportunities remained limited. White society excluded blacks from equal participation in many areas of public life; they wanted to keep blacks in a position of economic, political, social and cultural subservience. After the Civil War, the USA offered civil rights and laws privileges to African-Americans.
Throughout the late 1800’s and early 1900’s, the Jim Crow Laws were used to segregate the races in the country. Individuals were affected by the Jim Crow Laws in their social lives, educational opportunities, and heath care. Jim Crow Laws continued the cycle of segregation. They were laws that colored people had to live by so the white population would not get angry about colored people gaining their freedom. They were important to colored people because they were being cheated of their freedom, they were equally important to Southerners who wanted to make sure that colored people knew their boundaries and that they did not deserve to be free.
Because of this, Whites created Jim Crow in order to condition the Blacks to be subservient in order to maintain their privilege; this conditioning makes Blacks irresponsible for their actions due to the fact that society took away decisions away by drastically limiting their scope of opportunity. To truly understand the novel, the history of race relations in the United States has to be reviewed. Though much of American history since the Civil War, two competing political tendencies have vied for the loyalty of blacks. One calls for blacks to gain access to housing, schools, jobs, and other American social and political institutions but, the strong one that spoke during this time period advocated for the second class citizenship of Blacks. The separation in practice led to conditions for African Americans that tended to be inferior to those provided for White Americans systematizing a number of economic, educational and social disadvantages.
These laws determine how an individual is treated by limiting their education, having specific places where blacks and whites could or could not go, and the punishments for the “crime” committed. What are the Jim Crow Laws? They are a series of rules and precautions that are directed towards blacks and do not always mean that black people agree with the Jim Crow Laws. First passed in the North, long before the Civil War, such laws were based on the theory of white supremacy. In the depression-racked 1890s, racism appealed to whites who feared losing their jobs to blacks.
The anaphora of blindness reveals itself in the two African American novels, Native Son by Richard Wright, written before the civil rights era, and Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison, written in the mid 1950’s. They are spliced in an effort to center in on the American racial discrimination and segregation through both Wright’s and Ellison’s imagery to show how white supremacists forced African Americans to live a life without progression. Not only are whites responsible for the lack of progression within the black race, but blacks themselves are partially responsible for their own quality of life. Both races have chosen to turn a blind eye and neglect those who are oppressed. Ellison and Wright both depict blindness as a rebellious point of view that plays an important role in the everyday struggle for African Americans against white supremacists.
In the beginning of the story, the narrator’s grandfather says that the only way to make racism become extinct that African Americans should be overly nice to whites. The Exhorter named Ras had different beliefs of the blacks rising up to the whites and take power from the whites. Even though these thoughts come from the black community to take the freedom from the whites, the stories reveals that the are just as dangerous as the whites being racist. The narrator has such a hard time throughout the whole story exploring his identity. While doing so, it demonstrates how so many blacks are betraying their race because the have such a hard time dealing with it.
With the passing of these laws came violence and aggression for those, for and against these laws. The South was hard to change, as is the world. Jim Crow laws came from Thomas “Daddy” Rice, who was infamous for Blackface and who acted as a slave named Jim. Jim’s last name came from his owner who had the same last name. The term Jim Crow was adapted to mean racial segregation and was commonly accepted by white southerners.
They needed African Americans to be dependent upon them and they still viewed them as subhuman. White supremacists were not going to accept them as citizen no matter what the law said. If need be they would manipulate the laws to work in their favor or circumvent the law altogether. Fear of blacks began to resonate after the loss of the Civil War. They could no longer legal keep the black population in chains and under submission; therefore they would need to keep them in chains in a metaphorical sense.
Often, they lost their jobs or were thrown off their farms” (Voting Rights for Blacks and Poor Whites in the Jim Crow South 1). This clearly affected their right to vote because it scared them away from the poles. In addition to this, they were given literacy tests and property tests. If they were deemed illiterate, they were unable to vote (Voting Rights for Blacks and Poor Whites in the Jim Crow South 1). This was especially unfair because even if the black citizen could understand what was being said to them, the administrator of the test would say that they couldn 't in order to prevent them from voting (Voting Rights for Blacks and Poor Whites in the Jim Crow South 1).
His goal was to ultimately break the circling cycle of mis-education within the African American society. Throughout the book, Woodson expresses his views and experiences as an African American, ‘Negro’ in the late 1800s. In the book, The Mis-Education of the Negro, the author illustrates how brain-washed the Negro has become come into accepting the role of inferiority assigned by the superior race. First, The Mis-Education of Negro illustrates how the education system’s failure to present authentic Negro history in schools reinforces the black man’s inferior role. The neglect of Negro history is harmful to African Americans because it deprives the race from their whole heritage.