Battle Of Midway Analysis

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On the 7th of June, 1942, the United States navy experienced one of its more decisive victories of World War II along with an influential moment in the future of naval aviation tactics. Before the Battle of Midway and throughout much of World War II, the focus of U.S. naval sea-power was placed heavily on U.S. battleships. Several engagements in World War II proved contrary to the theory of battleship power, bringing the idea of carrier and naval aviation tactics. This new set of tactics allowed forward and fast-paced naval influence on the enemy, a practice heavily seen throughout the Battle of Midway. Through the tactical use of dive bombers in the Battle of Midway, the U.S naval fleet gained a significant military advantage both during the battle and toward the future of naval aviation. First, a background of carrier and dive bomber presence before and throughout Midway will be observed, along with the original naval tactics of the U.S. navy prior to Midway; next, a description and analysis of the U.S. naval carrier and dive bomber tactics during the Battle of Midway will be observed; finally, an analysis will be provided on how the decisions and tactics during the Battle of Midway influenced the future of U.S. naval sea-power philosophy. Overall, this paper will prove the high degree of influence on the future of U.S. naval tactics that the use of carriers and dive bombers had during the Battle of Midway. Prior to the Battle of Midway, U.S. naval aircraft carriers had an elaborate history of development and experimentation. The first idea of an aircraft carrier can be seen in the Royal Navy’s HMS Furious in 1909 . Throughout the next 20 years, especially following World War I, the aircraft carrier program experienced even more... ... middle of paper ... ...e utilization of dive bombers, the U.S. fleet destroyed four Japanese carriers, overwhelmed the Japanese fleet and changed the direction of the Pacific Campaign. Although other platforms brought support to dive bombers during Midway, the primary tactical advantage came from the forward strength provided by dive bombers. The successful implementation of dive bombing tactics brought the desire for fast and precise weapon systems from air units, which can be seen in modern-day fighter jets. Also, the desire for more aircraft carriers came from the success at Midway. As seen in Midway, overwhelming air power had a strong influence in the U.S. victory. More aircraft carriers could provide these numbers. In conclusion, it is clear that the overwhelming force provided by dive bombers in Midway led to U.S. victory and directly affected the direction of U.S. naval aviation.
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