Asoka was one of India’s greatest leaders. Historians have looked at Asoka as a very positive individual, but more evidence has been uncovered. After looking at the evidence historians has found reasons towards Asoka being more of a conqueror, rather than a peaceful leader. Now people have a question, was Asoka a Ruthless Conqueror or an Enlightened Ruler ?
Asoka: Enlightened Ruler Who was Asoka of the Mauryan Empire? Asoka was ruler of the Mauryan Empire from 269 B.C. to 232 B.C. in present-day India. It is hard to tell whether he was a ruthless conquer or an enlightened leader. He was enlightened leader because he showed respect to all people and did not treat them differently and was a more peaceful leader.
Asoka did not force anyone to adopt Buddhism as his or her faith. Rather, he spread the principles in the hope that people would choose to follow them on their own and lead an ethical life. After Asoka’s death the Mauryan Empire gradually declined (Molloy 138). His Empire may not have survived, but Asoka is known today as one of the greatest rulers of ancient India and the most important figure in Buddhism after the Buddha himself. Buddhism may not be the dominant religion in India today, but there are millions of Buddhism followers worldwide today because of Asoka’s influence. If not for Asoka, Buddhism may have remained an entirely Indian religion. It is due to his influence that Buddhism is practiced worldwide today. His memory will always live on in the Buddhist community.
After the expense of WWI and a retreat from the policy of isolationism that had led America into it, American people were ready to focus on themselves. They wanted to build up the American economy and stay uninvolved in foreign affairs, following similar ideals as the Monroe Doctrine. The toll of WWI led to the U.S. isolationist policy, but as the years went on and war drew closer, this policy became near impossible. Isolationism for many years allowed the U.S. to focus on its own financial problems and with the great depression, this was pivotal. Another reason for isolationism was that both the Democratic and Republican parties promoted it. In theory this isolationist policy made sense with the current state of affairs in the U.S., but the the U.S. had become too much of a world power to withdraw completely. During the Period from 1920-1941 the foreign policy of the U.S. can be divided into three sections: the early twenties and a relatively strict isolationism, the late twenties and thirties and more and more involvement, and then finally WWII and the declaration of war by America on Japan and eventually on Germany and Italy.
In the colonization period, the urge to conquer foreign territories was strong, and many lands in the Western Hemisphere were conquered. With the colonization of these areas, a mercantilist relationship was formed between the conquered civilization and the maternal country. A major part of this was the restriction of exportation of native resources only to the mother country as well as the banning of trading with colonies of other countries. In turn, there was an increasing in the number of smuggling activities during the time. According to a British sailor named William Taggart in 1760, the illegal smuggling of goods into these areas had a positive impact because it brought prosperity to the people in Monte Christi, as there were only one hundred poor families. Likewise, Dominica governor John Orde praised the trading because it created prices much lower than with its maternal country. However, British admiral David Tyrell, Roger Elletson, Dominica governor John Orde, and a 1790 Bahaman newspaper report all had similar views on the harmful effects and corruptness present in smuggling. Despite this, physician George Lipscomb and British Lieutenant Governor Thomas Bruce had neutral opinions on the matter, and only stated what they witnessed in the process.
When the British were in control of India, they changed the economy for the worse and caused poverty through demanding the growth of cash crops and importing cheap fabric. The British did build 10,000 miles of railroad track, effectively creating jobs and transportation in India (Lalvani). This was a respectable achievement, nevertheless, the tracks led to massive economic shifts. Indians were forced to grow cash crops in replace of their regular food, sending things like indigo and cotton to Britain (Doc. 7). As a result of this switch, Indians were pushed into poverty when Britain no longer wanted to buy their crops. Not only were cash crops inedible and unsellable, they drained the soil of its nutrients so farmers couldn’t grow more food
Before the Mongols began to attack Eurasian civilizations in the 1200s, China, Russia, and Persia had developed advanced societies. The Mongols desired power and wealth, and wanted to advance their society. They sometimes attempted to achieve this power and wealth using brutality, but they were not as barbaric as some historians would conclude. There were many positive aspects of their actions. The Mongols were a civilized society because they had an organized military form of warfare, they incorporated early forms of writing, communication, and religious tolerance, and they had key trading partners throughout the region which allowed international trade to safely develop.
Winston Churchill once said to Neville Chamberlain, “You were given the choice between war and dishonour. You chose dishonour, and you will have war.” After World War 1, a man by the name of Adolf Hitler slowly rose to power in Germany. He implemented tactics to win over his people, then worked to remove all opposition of his leadership and further went on to proclaim a union with Austria in 1938. After gaining control of Germany and Austria, Hitler wanted more. In September of 1938, he met with the prime minister of England, Neville Chamberlain for a negotiation about territory in Czechoslovakia. Germany claimed that the advance for the area of Czechoslovakia would be the last territorial invasion his troops would take. Chamberlain then signed the Munich Agreement along with Italy, Germany and France confirming that Sudetenland (region in Czechoslovakia) would be Hitler’s last demand. Chamberlain was strongly opposed to entering a war, and believed the deal would put an end to Hitler’s desires for expansion.
Asoka’s conversion to Buddhism, affected with the help of his own teacher, Upragupta, was gradual. Even though he did little to change the system of government he inherited, he introduced a novel and powerful moral idealism, which was a moral rule or way of life in the Buddhist sense, as he understood it. He called this the “Law of Piety.” This law, though following the tenets of the Buddha, was distinct from them and peculiar to Asoka. It was to become one of the great turning points of the civilization of the East, having profound effects throughout the neighboring kingdoms, not least in