They could have made Oedipus’ life less miserable, but they decided to destroy his and his family’s life by this terrible fate without him committing a sin. “It was Apollo, friends, Apollo, who brought to fulfillment all my sufferings. But the hand that struck my eyes was mine and mine alone.” Oedipus blames Apollo for his two shameful crimes that caused his sufferings. On the other hand, he admits that the gods had nothing to do with his blindness, and that he’s responsible for that. Also, in the previous quote, Oedipus tries to diminish his shame by convincing his people that it is not his fault, but Apollo’s, for murdering his father and marrying his mother.
Ayn Rand’s Anthem is a politically satirical novel is set in a future society that is so highly collectivized that the word “I” has been banned. The world is governed by various councils who believe that man’s sole reason for existence is to enforce the Great Truth “that all men are one and that there is no will save the will of all men together” (Rand, 20). Any indication of an individual’s independent spirit is swiftly and brutally put down, with the transgressors being punished with severe prison sentences or even death. It is this dysfunctional world that Equality 7-2521 is born into. The novel begins with Equality 7-2521 alone in a dark tunnel transcribing his story.
He was told by his teachers that it “…is a great sin, to be born with a head which is too quick. It is not good to be different from our brothers, but it is evil to... ... middle of paper ... ...the Council of Scholars ridicule and mock him, the Unmentionable Times and Unspeakable Word constantly plague his thoughts. When he and Liberty 5-3000, discover the house in the woods, he later discovers that the Unspeakable Word, was the word “I.” His joy at discovering the word was cut short when he realized that the impudent behavior of his so-called brothers, led to the loss of a word, which showed individuality, and allowed someone to characterize themselves and decide who they could become. In summation, Prometheus’ society believes that the “best in him”, his internal curiosity, is a sin, as it makes him different from his brothers. In actuality, his curiosity allows him to see that his totalitarian society has regressed and in doing so, they have lost the ability to give their citizens an independent identity, which could be used to benefit the society.
(p.81) In this collectivist society, the individual has been lost to assimilation, and all creativity is suppressed. In spite of all of this, Equality has always been different; in the world in which he lives, this is a terrible sin.
Though his pride is his hamartia and what initiates his tragic fall, Oedipus’ past is the kindling which burned down his world. Initially, Oedipus is the cause of the curse on Thebes, ... ... middle of paper ... ...de for the benefit of his family, but which in turn benefited no one. Their hamartia, their pride made them unable to let go of the past, which caused their tragic downfall. Two proud men could not just accept the way things were, and had to go and try to change things that had no need for changing. Oedipus and Willy because of their pride did the exact opposite of what they intended: Willy wanted to help his family, and instead he had just hurt them.
Montresor is unsuccessful in punishing Fortunato with impunity. The obsession to confess is a killer. Montresor starts the evil revenge plot with a smile on his face. “It must be understood that neither by word nor deed had I given Fortunato cause to doubt my good will. I continued, as was my wont, to smile in his face, and he did not perceive that my smile now was at the thought of his immolation.” Montresor believes that he will feel free and better about himself, for he will be completing his mission of impunity.
He values his intellect over his compassion for others and completely cuts himself off from the rest of the world to search for this sin. Finally, the sin he is searching for lies in his very own heart. The quest for the sin becomes the means to its own end; the knowledge of it becomes the sin itself. Ethan Brand’s suicide means two very important things in the story. When he returns to Graylock, he finally comes to an understanding the the Unpardonable Sin has been in heart for the duration of the search.
The young doctor ignores all warnings and ultimately has to pay for his folly with his own life. What the story does is to show us that we are all human. That we can not play with death or life and that ultimately death will come after us be us rich or poor. I specially loved the symbolism of the candles of light, makes me wonder if indeed there could be such a place.
Finally, the main character describes his surroundings as a prison, or that it gives a prison-like feel. This also is related to how he feels different and trapped in this way of life. He knows there is much more to the life he leads and feels trapped and does not know what he can do to change it. “But international 4-8818 are different…like fireflies.” This book has a very deep and dark feeling to it, especially in the ... ... middle of paper ... ...weak and want to shrink out of sight because there is no happiness in their world. There is no joy, no choice, and no individuality.
I look for comfort; my comfort lies here dead. Whatever my hands have touched come to nothing. Fate has brought all my pride to thought of dust” (1833). Creon takes responsibility of the death of his son and wife by calling himself a “rash” man and this is where Creon undergoes the changes of a dynamic character by admitting that he was wrong. Creon seemed to be a loyal king, would wanted to prove his worthiness to the people of Thebes, but Creon also had a stubborn side.