Annotated Bibliography Analysis

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Pol-Sci492WI Spring 2014 Annotated Bibliography Save this document to your Q-folder. Using two references in your references folder, type up the citation information and summarize each reference. In summarizing the references, please refer to the Annotated Bibliography handout. Citation: Edwards III, George, Andrew Barrett, and Jeffrey Peake. "The Legislative Impact of Divided Government." American Journal of Political Science. 41.2 (1997): 545-563. Web. 11 Feb. 2014. Summary: The authors of this article look at a theory and look at important legislation and whether it passed within a divided government compared to a unified government. The hypothesis of this article is that "important legislation is more likely to fail to pass under divided government". The results of this article show the following conclusion. If the government is divided than it is more likely that the president will oppose more legislation than when the government is unified. Also important legislation will fail to pass more often under divided government. Citation: Thorson, Gregory. "Divided Government and the Passage of Partisan Legislation, 1947-1990." Political Research Quarterly. 51.3 (1998): 751-764. Web. 11 Feb. 2014. Summary: In this article Thorson is arguing against Mayhew and his argument that a divided government does not impact the amount of significant legislation that is passed and enacted. Thorson argues that Mayhew may be correct in that there is no difference between the number of bills passed, but a divided government does effect the formation of coalitions. Thorson specific argument is that party unity votes that favor the dominant party are more likely to form on final votes of passage during periods of unified government.... ... middle of paper ... ...preferences of veto players have a substantial impact on gridlock in the United States compared to party control of the government. Citation: Barrett, Andrew, and Matthew Eshbaugh-Soha. "Presidential Success on the Substance of Legislation." Political Research Quarterly. 60.1 (2007): 100-112. Web. 13 Feb. 2014. Summary: In this article the authors are focused on looking at success of a president regarding the shaping of legislation. For the research for this article the authors studied 191 statutes from 1965 to 2000. The hypothesis of the authors is "the higher his level of approval, the more a final statute will reflect the presidents polity preferences". Some of the conclusions of the authors were that presidents legislative success can increase during phases of unified government and also gridlock, but also when the president's approval rating is high.

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