Animal Testing: A True Ethical Dilemma

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Imagine a life locked away in a cage with no form of control on your existence. It’s cold, dark, and you are scared. You don’t have a choice of what you eat, where you live, or how you are treated. You are unsure if it is day or night or what will happen to you next. You are locked away in a prison cell and you committed no crime. This is the life of a laboratory animal. Animal testing is the use of animals for scientific research purposes and experiments. It can be used for the findings of cures and medicines to testing new drugs, to understanding the behavioral psychology of the animals themselves. “Around fifty to one hundred million vertebrate animals, ranging from fish to primates, are used in experiments each year” (Lloyd). There are many different terms used to describe the research on animals but two main ideas. In vivo research is where the experiment is conducted on a live organism. In this case the animal is not operated on but rather tested in a natural living state such as exposing the animal to a toxin or chemical and documenting the side effects. The other is vivisection and can be closely related to dissection or surgical experiments on the living. It is an operation on a living animal for testing rather than healing purposes. This word is usually associated with negative perceptions such as torture, pain, suffering and death. Animal testing is performed in a wide arena of areas such as colleges and universities, laboratories, and within pharmaceutical companies. The main uses for the need of animal experimentation are genetic development, biomedical and biochemical research, toxicology, cosmetic testing and more. The use of animals for scientific research has constantly been a topic of ethical debate. Some major ... ... middle of paper ... ...nt/Actions-Israel/UndercoverInvestigation.htm>. Lloyd, Emma. "Alternatives to the Use of Animals in Research." Animal Experimentation (2008): n. pag. Web. 27 Feb 2011. Animal Welfare Information Center. United States. Animal Welfare Act as Amended (7 USC, 2131-2159). , 1966. Web. 1 Mar 2011. . Biever, Celeste. “Can computer models replace animal testing?.” New Scientist 190.2551 (2006): 7. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 4 Mar. 2011. Barnard, Neal D 1997: Animal research is wasteful and misleading. Scientific American 276: 80-85. European Commission. Joint Research Centre. Ispra: ECVAM, 1992. Web. 26 Feb 2011. .

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