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Analysis of Macbeth

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Macbeth is a play written by William Shakespeare in ancient England that reveals what happens when greed and lust control one’s behavior. The characters in Macbeth, driven by ambition for power, do evil deeds and destroy lives. In the play, Macbeth, inappropriate thoughts and actions do lead to trouble for the characters and the kingdom. The evil ambitions of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth to become king and queen are seeded by temptations presented by evil witches. The consequences of their actions are initiated by the murder of acquaintances and peers. This puts the country of Scotland and the natural world in a state of turmoil and confusion, and eventually results in the deaths of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth.
The introduction of unnatural deeds begins in the play with the prophecies of the three mischievous witches (the weird sisters) that affect Macbeth. Based on the prophecies, the witches envisage that Macbeth will become the next king in Scotland. The third witch predicts, “All hail, Macbeth, that shalt be king hereafter” (1.3.50). The prophecies lure him to murder and carry out his journey to the throne. This unnatural experience planted the seeds in Macbeth’s mind to kill Duncan. During the play, Macbeth is haunted by ghosts and says, “Thou canst not say I did it. Never shake thy gory locks at me” (3.4.51-52). The horrible consequences of Macbeth’s reaction to the witches play into the witches’ desires to toy with and destroy human beings, and the prophecies set the stage for corruption.
As a result of Duncan’s death, Macbeth began to initiate more unnatural deeds that lead to his eventual downfall. In Macbeth’s reaction to the prophecy, he says, “The Prince of Cumberland! That is a step. On which I must fall down, or else over...

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... power of man, for none of woman born shall harm Macbeth” (4.1.79-80). The bloody child gives Macbeth a false sense of security. The third apparition, known as the crowned children with the tree, says, “Macbeth shall never vanquished be until
Great Birnam Wood to high Dunsinane Hill
shall come against him” (4.1.92-93). The third apparition again suggests that Macbeth will not be defeated until Birnam Wood makes an attempt to fight, which is a very unlikely occurrence. However, the death of Macbeth played out just as fate predicted. Because Macbeth had a false sense of security, he fell victim to the army concealed by the branches in Birnam Woods and was killed by Malcom, who was not born by natural birth. Overall, the concept of fate drives the course of events in the Macbeth and demonstrates that no one can overcome fate.

Works Cited

Macbeth-William Shakespeare
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