The environmental situation of the world is degrading day by day and it is an “open secret” now- “open” because almost every human being knows it and “secret” because most of the people, who are somehow responsible for this, are indifferent to this fact and after knowing the aftermath of this change. Warmth of the earth has been increasing; the characteristics of the main aspects of our environment-water, earth, air etc have greatly changed. Ecological system also has been disturbed in some ways. The main culprit behind all these changes is mainly human being. Human being has been using this nature in a wrong a way for his own good.
Different societies have risen and fallen in the common search for the “perfect” civilization. In the books 1984 by George Orwell and Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, both authors portray a dystopian society with some troubling similarities. Orwell and Huxley each stress the use of power to control the masses. This influence is always situated with a small group of individuals that uses it to control every aspect of the people’s lives. Using such a method brings to mind a severe totalitarianism of rigid control that terminates individuality.
The recurring themes include the misuse of the land, the tension between urban and rural societies, and the integration of fear and racism in their lives. Ndotsheni is not taken care of and land is rotting and not covered with grass. Cows are overgrazing and the maize does not even grow to the height of a man. The natives were forced to live on what little land the whites gave back. The land could not support the people and the people did not know how to support the land, so people left the villages to look to start new lives in the cities.
Rand's own beliefs and her philosophy are most obviously seen through the protagonist, Equality's, struggles. By having us bear witness to this oppression, her opinion on the detrimental effects of collectivism is projected to us. The world described in Anthem is a primitive one, although it is set in the future. All technological development has been lost, because "What is not done collectively cannot be good," and, "What is not thought by all men cannot be true." (p.81) In this collectivist society, the individual has been lost to assimilation, and all creativity is suppressed.
The political, economic, and welfare systems have all but destroyed traditional culture, family dynamics, and work ethics on the majority of reservations. These combined factors have created, in many, feelings of helplessness and hopelessness that eventually lead to drug and alcohol abuse. This in turn leads to few successful role models for the next generation who will have even fewer incentives to break the cycle. Perhaps the biggest failure in the reservation system affecting current times is in the status of laws and jurisdiction. Communal land ownership and federal trust restrictions on land ownership and use inhibit economic development and many land allotments are owned collectively by groups of individuals.
Brave New World by Aldous Huxley Brave New World, a novel by Aldous Huxley was written at a tine in history when war had ravaged much of the nation, Depression was blanketing society, and people’s wills were being put to the test. Science had become an overwhelming force for better or for worse. People had witnessed science saving and preventing millions of lives with vaccinations and such, but on the contrary, had also witnessed it kill with horrifying “factory-like” efficiency in WW I (the age of machine guns and chemical warfare). Brave New World is not intended to be a happy book, it is more Huxley’s way of describing what he believes is coming to us. He is basically saying, “This is our future”.
Afraid New World Aldous Huxley’s “Brave New World” highlights the theme of society and individualism. Huxley uses the future world and its inhabitants to represents conflict of how the replacement of stability in place of individualism produces adverse side effects. Each society has individuals ranging from various jobs and occupations and diverse personalities and thoughts. Every member contributes to society in his or her own way. However, when people’s individuality is repressed, the whole concept of humanity is destroyed.
During that time, people believed in the Enlightenment, and industrial developments and scientific breakthroughs were a daily reality apparent in the rising standard of living. But World War I crushed all hopes and dreams. It plunged society in an age of anxiety and uncertainty in almost every area of human life. The social impact of total war was also profound. The role of women changed dramatically as the war greatly expanded their activities and changed attitudes towards them.
Similar to George Or... ... middle of paper ... ...ing love for someone separate from the Party makes the Party vulnerable, because the passion that existed between the two formed an alliance between lovers, as opposed to allegiance to the Party. In a totalitarian state the goal of the party is to brainwash humans so that the only emotion they have is towards the government and its leader. In both 1984 and Soviet Russia, we see totalitarian societies that eliminate human qualities such as thoughts and emotions. In both cases, the societies function best without love because they have full control over their people. Thus, the existence of love and relationships is the most detrimental thing to a totalitarian regime.
This system had failed continuously to control the entire population because people still retain their ability to choose. It is said that once a person loses his free will, he ceases to be a person. This is the struggle confronting the protagonists in both A Clockwork Orange and The Crucible. The fifteen-year old rebel Alex and the respected farmer John Proctor refuse to conform to the rules of their oppressive societies, and as a result are denied the freedom to choose between good and evil, therefore becoming less than human. Both Alex and John Proctor live in highly oppressive societies from which they feel alienated, and therefore decide to rebel against.