Analysis Of Socrates

analytical Essay
1556 words
1556 words

In the last days of Socrates’ life while he awaits his death sentence, he examines and evaluates the facets of life and the morals that come as a part of human nature. He analyzes the concept of being, and what it means to be either living or deceased and through this analysis, Socrates particularly goes in depth with his examination of the human soul. In Phaedo, Plato meets with a follower who had been with Socrates on his last day, on which he talked much about the innermost qualities of being; life and death and how the soul constitutes those two entities. According to Socrates, there are four arguments that prove the existence of the soul: the Argument from Opposites, the Theory of Recollection, the Affinity Argument, and the Theory of Forms.
In the Argument of Opposites, Socrates argues that everything in life holds an opposite to another force. He uses sleep as an example, remarking, “waking comes from sleeping and sleeping comes from waking, and the processes between them are going to sleep and waking up” (Plato 135). Socrates deepens this example further, saying, “the living have come from the dead no less than the dead from the living...the souls …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Analyzes how socrates questions death as the ultimate goal for one's soul. the body is mortal, while the soul is immortal.
  • Explains socrates' view that the soul is hindered by the body and its needs. to reach its highest potential, the mortal body must die to move on and be its purest self.
  • Analyzes how aquinas recognizes that form and matter are interconnected and cannot function without one another.
  • Explains that the soul and the body are intertwined forces that are crucial to one another in order to thrive as one essence.
  • Analyzes socrates' analysis of the human soul in phaedo, where he argues that everything in life holds an opposite to another force. the theory of recollection proposes that humans have innate knowledge and understanding of equality.
  • Explains that st. thomas aquinas believes in the existence of a soul in all living entities, but his reasoning for such differs slightly.

Socrates explains, “Before we began to see and hear and otherwise perceive equals we must somewhere have acquired the knowledge of equality as it really is; otherwise we could never have realized, by using it as a standard for comparison, that all equal objects of sense are desirous of being like it, but are only imperfect copies” (141). Prior to physical living, humans have innate knowledge and understanding of equality, and what is seen, heard, or learned pertaining to the notion of equality is simply just recollections to what was comprehended prior to birth, proving their soul existed

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