Analysis Of John Locke's Theories Of Personal Identity

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Sameness of person consists not in sameness of soul nor the sameness of body, but in sameness of consciousness. According to the memory view, the personal identity is established by (genuine) memory-relations. Locke’s theory manifests the idea that rather than being tied to our physical bodies, our identity is bound to our consciousness. Locke, in one of his works states that consciousness is the perception of what passes in a man’s own mind. Essentially, meaning that consciousness equals memories. Unlike, the conventional theories; bodily and soul view, Locke’s views that memory relations constitute “a person is a sequence of person-stages linked by (genuine) memory.” As personal identity is not bound by a constant component of a person to be present over a whole lifetime, neither body nor a soul. …show more content…

Using this analogy, the person is the “rope” and the “fibres” are the memory connections, and the mental processes they connect. However, as long as the personal is psychological connected, in other words, if the person can remember their childhood memories, then they are the same person. Philosophers reasons the attractiveness of this theory, as unlike bodily and soul views, the identity of the self is not the identity of the body or soul. Therefore, a person would know who they are without examining their body and in case of someone waking up in a different body, they would not conclude they were not the same person. Furthermore, memory view reflects the importance of personal identity, as psychology is more important, both to ourselves and to others, than our bodily

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