All That Rises Must Converge by Flannery O'Connor

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All That Rises Must Converge by Flannery O'Connor

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This passage is from Flannery O'Connor's "All That Rises Must

Converge" and focuses on both the tension between an educated son and

his ignorant mother and also reflects the racial tensions of the time.

The story takes place in the South, the southern half or region of the

United States, during the 1950's, a time when racial prejudice was

ubiquitous. This setting is actually the premise in most of O'Connor's

work. There was a large amount of racial tension, with laws of

segregation implemented in restaurants, bathrooms, schools, an in

pretty much every public facilities during the time period.

It was written soon after the period of the Montgomery Bus Boycott's

in 1955. The Bus Boycotts were as a result of Rosa Parks refusing to

abide by the segregation laws of the time and taking a seat in the

front of a bus, instead of the "colored people" section which was

located in the back of the bus. Rosa Parks was arrested for this

action and her arrest ignited and fueled the fire of the boycotts.

Eventually, in 1956, the Supreme Court ruled that segregation on

public buses was unjust and unconstitutional and the law was

overturned. After the boycotts, people of any race could sit anywhere

on the bus. This is important because the setting of this passage

takes place on a public bus.

The stories central character is a young white man, Julian, who's at

odds with his mother. The young man is innately clever and

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